Color-selected galaxies AT z ≈ 6 in the great observatories origins deep survey

M. Dickinson, D. Stern, M. Giavalisco, H. C. Ferguson, Zlatan Tsvetanov, R. Chornock, S. Cristiani, S. Dawson, A. Dey, A. V. Filippenko, L. A. Moustakas, M. Nonino, C. Papovich, S. Ravindranath, A. Riess, P. Rosati, H. Spinrad, E. Vanzella

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

193 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report early results on galaxies at z ∼ 6 selected from Hubble Space Telescope imaging for the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey. Spectroscopy of one object with the Advanced Camera for Surveys grism and from the Keck and Very Large Telescope observatories shows a strong continuum break and asymmetric line emission, identified as Lyα at z = 5.83. We find only five spatially extended candidates with signal-to-noise ratios greater than 10, two of which have spectroscopic confirmation. This is much fewer than would be expected if galaxies at z = 6 had the same luminosity function as those at z = 3. There are many fainter candidates, but we expect substantial contamination from foreground interlopers and spurious detections. Our best estimates favor a z = 6 galaxy population with fainter luminosities, higher space density, and similar comoving ultraviolet emissivity to that at z = 3, but this depends critically on counts at fluxes fainter than those reliably probed by the current data.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume600
Issue number2 II
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

observatories
observatory
galaxies
color
emissivity
luminosity
signal-to-noise ratio
space density
spectroscopy
Hubble Space Telescope
contamination
signal to noise ratios
cameras
telescopes
continuums
estimates
detection

Keywords

  • Early universe
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Dickinson, M., Stern, D., Giavalisco, M., Ferguson, H. C., Tsvetanov, Z., Chornock, R., ... Vanzella, E. (2004). Color-selected galaxies AT z ≈ 6 in the great observatories origins deep survey. Astrophysical Journal, 600(2 II).

Color-selected galaxies AT z ≈ 6 in the great observatories origins deep survey. / Dickinson, M.; Stern, D.; Giavalisco, M.; Ferguson, H. C.; Tsvetanov, Zlatan; Chornock, R.; Cristiani, S.; Dawson, S.; Dey, A.; Filippenko, A. V.; Moustakas, L. A.; Nonino, M.; Papovich, C.; Ravindranath, S.; Riess, A.; Rosati, P.; Spinrad, H.; Vanzella, E.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 600, No. 2 II, 10.01.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Dickinson, M, Stern, D, Giavalisco, M, Ferguson, HC, Tsvetanov, Z, Chornock, R, Cristiani, S, Dawson, S, Dey, A, Filippenko, AV, Moustakas, LA, Nonino, M, Papovich, C, Ravindranath, S, Riess, A, Rosati, P, Spinrad, H & Vanzella, E 2004, 'Color-selected galaxies AT z ≈ 6 in the great observatories origins deep survey', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 600, no. 2 II.
Dickinson M, Stern D, Giavalisco M, Ferguson HC, Tsvetanov Z, Chornock R et al. Color-selected galaxies AT z ≈ 6 in the great observatories origins deep survey. Astrophysical Journal. 2004 Jan 10;600(2 II).
Dickinson, M. ; Stern, D. ; Giavalisco, M. ; Ferguson, H. C. ; Tsvetanov, Zlatan ; Chornock, R. ; Cristiani, S. ; Dawson, S. ; Dey, A. ; Filippenko, A. V. ; Moustakas, L. A. ; Nonino, M. ; Papovich, C. ; Ravindranath, S. ; Riess, A. ; Rosati, P. ; Spinrad, H. ; Vanzella, E. / Color-selected galaxies AT z ≈ 6 in the great observatories origins deep survey. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 600, No. 2 II.
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abstract = "We report early results on galaxies at z ∼ 6 selected from Hubble Space Telescope imaging for the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey. Spectroscopy of one object with the Advanced Camera for Surveys grism and from the Keck and Very Large Telescope observatories shows a strong continuum break and asymmetric line emission, identified as Lyα at z = 5.83. We find only five spatially extended candidates with signal-to-noise ratios greater than 10, two of which have spectroscopic confirmation. This is much fewer than would be expected if galaxies at z = 6 had the same luminosity function as those at z = 3. There are many fainter candidates, but we expect substantial contamination from foreground interlopers and spurious detections. Our best estimates favor a z = 6 galaxy population with fainter luminosities, higher space density, and similar comoving ultraviolet emissivity to that at z = 3, but this depends critically on counts at fluxes fainter than those reliably probed by the current data.",
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AU - Dickinson, M.

AU - Stern, D.

AU - Giavalisco, M.

AU - Ferguson, H. C.

AU - Tsvetanov, Zlatan

AU - Chornock, R.

AU - Cristiani, S.

AU - Dawson, S.

AU - Dey, A.

AU - Filippenko, A. V.

AU - Moustakas, L. A.

AU - Nonino, M.

AU - Papovich, C.

AU - Ravindranath, S.

AU - Riess, A.

AU - Rosati, P.

AU - Spinrad, H.

AU - Vanzella, E.

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N2 - We report early results on galaxies at z ∼ 6 selected from Hubble Space Telescope imaging for the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey. Spectroscopy of one object with the Advanced Camera for Surveys grism and from the Keck and Very Large Telescope observatories shows a strong continuum break and asymmetric line emission, identified as Lyα at z = 5.83. We find only five spatially extended candidates with signal-to-noise ratios greater than 10, two of which have spectroscopic confirmation. This is much fewer than would be expected if galaxies at z = 6 had the same luminosity function as those at z = 3. There are many fainter candidates, but we expect substantial contamination from foreground interlopers and spurious detections. Our best estimates favor a z = 6 galaxy population with fainter luminosities, higher space density, and similar comoving ultraviolet emissivity to that at z = 3, but this depends critically on counts at fluxes fainter than those reliably probed by the current data.

AB - We report early results on galaxies at z ∼ 6 selected from Hubble Space Telescope imaging for the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey. Spectroscopy of one object with the Advanced Camera for Surveys grism and from the Keck and Very Large Telescope observatories shows a strong continuum break and asymmetric line emission, identified as Lyα at z = 5.83. We find only five spatially extended candidates with signal-to-noise ratios greater than 10, two of which have spectroscopic confirmation. This is much fewer than would be expected if galaxies at z = 6 had the same luminosity function as those at z = 3. There are many fainter candidates, but we expect substantial contamination from foreground interlopers and spurious detections. Our best estimates favor a z = 6 galaxy population with fainter luminosities, higher space density, and similar comoving ultraviolet emissivity to that at z = 3, but this depends critically on counts at fluxes fainter than those reliably probed by the current data.

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KW - Galaxies: high-redshift

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