To explore the relationship of personality trait differences to the ability of older adults to benefit from an intervention to improve face-name recall, 3 previously validated methods of intervention were used in conjunction with the NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1985b). Subjects were 156 community-dwelling elderly. The three treatment conditions all included a standard imagery mnemonic for remembering names and faces but differed in the method of nonmnemonic training (imagery, relaxation, and imagery + judgment) administered before teaching the mnemonic device. As in prior studies, there was an overall improvement in the number of face-name pairs remembered after the intervention. In the group of subjects as a whole, subjects who scored higher on the openness factor of the NEO scored significantly higher on all face-name outcome measures regardless of training conditions. Furthermore, there was a significant interaction between treatment condition and scores on Subfactor O1 (fantasy) of the openness factor. Higher scores on the fantasy subfactor were related to greater improvement in the imagery condition.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Life-span and Life-course Studies