Cognitive Interventions to Improve Face-Name Recall: The Role of Personality Trait Differences

Peter Gratzinger, Javaid Sheikh, Leah Friedman, Jerome A. Yesavage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To explore the relationship of personality trait differences to the ability of older adults to benefit from an intervention to improve face-name recall, 3 previously validated methods of intervention were used in conjunction with the NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1985b). Subjects were 156 community-dwelling elderly. The three treatment conditions all included a standard imagery mnemonic for remembering names and faces but differed in the method of nonmnemonic training (imagery, relaxation, and imagery + judgment) administered before teaching the mnemonic device. As in prior studies, there was an overall improvement in the number of face-name pairs remembered after the intervention. In the group of subjects as a whole, subjects who scored higher on the openness factor of the NEO scored significantly higher on all face-name outcome measures regardless of training conditions. Furthermore, there was a significant interaction between treatment condition and scores on Subfactor O1 (fantasy) of the openness factor. Higher scores on the fantasy subfactor were related to greater improvement in the imagery condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-893
Number of pages5
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume26
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1990
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Demography
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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