The anticancer drug cis-diammindichloroplatin (CDDP, cisplatin) causes severe side effects like peripheral sensitive neuropathy. The toxicity of CDDP has been linked to changes in intracellular calcium homeostasis ([Ca2+]i). Voltage activated calcium channel currents (ICa(V)) are important for the regulation of [Ca2+]i; therefore, this study was designed to examine the effect of CDDP on ICa(V) in comparison to voltage activated potassium (IK(V)) and sodium (INa(V)) channel currents using the whole cell patch clamp method on dorsal root ganglion neurons of rats. In small neurons (≤Ø20 μm) CDDP reduced peak and sustained ICa(V) concentration dependently (1-100 μM). The IC50 was 23.9 ± 4.5 μM (±S.D.) for the peak current with a Hill-coefficient of 0.6 ± 0.1 and 38.8 ± 6.1 μM for the sustained current (Hill-coefficient: 0.7 ± 0.1). IK(V) were reduced by 20.9 ± 4.8% (10 μM) and INa(V) were only reduced by 9.2% ± 7.2% (10 μM). ICa(V) of large neurons (≥Ø25 μm) were less sensitive to CDDP. The peak ICa(V) was reduced by 14.1 ± 2.3% and IK(V) by 12.8 ± 3.4% (100 μM). The sensitivity of INa(V) in large neurons to CDDP was not different compared to small neurons. We conclude that the reduction of ICa(V) in small cells may be responsible for the neurotoxic side effects CDDP causes in sensory neurons.
- Anticancer drug
- Dorsal root ganglion neurons
- Voltage gated calcium currents
- Voltage gated potassium currents
- Voltage gated sodium currents
ASJC Scopus subject areas