Circadian gene variants and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes

A pilot study

M. Ann Kelly, Simon D. Rees, Zafar L. Hydriem, A. Samad Shera, Srikanth Bellary, J. Paul O'Hare, Sudhesh Kumar, Shahrad Taheri, Abdul Basit, Anthony H. Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Disruption of endogenous circadian rhythms has been shown to increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, suggesting that circadian genes might play a role in determining disease susceptibility. We present the results of a pilot study investigating the association between type 2 diabetes and selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in/near nine circadian genes. The variants were chosen based on their previously reported association with prostate cancer, a disease that has been suggested to have a genetic link with type 2 diabetes through a number of shared inherited risk determinants. Methodology/Principal Findings: The pilot study was performed using two genetically homogeneous Punjabi cohorts, one resident in the United Kingdom and one indigenous to Pakistan. Subjects with (N = 1732) and without (N = 1780) type 2 diabetes were genotyped for thirteen circadian variants using a competitive allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method. Associations between the SNPs and type 2 diabetes were investigated using logistic regression. The results were also combined with in silico data from other South Asian datasets (SAT2D consortium) and white European cohorts (DIAGRAM+) using meta-analysis. The rs7602358G allele near PER2 was negatively associated with type 2 diabetes in our Punjabi cohorts (combined odds ratio [OR] = 0.75 [0.66-0.86], p = 3.18×10 -5), while the BMAL1 rs11022775T allele was associated with an increased risk of the disease (combined OR = 1.22 [1.07-1.39], p = 0.003). Neither of these associations was replicated in the SAT2D or DIAGRAM+ datasets, however. Meta-analysis of all the cohorts identified disease associations with two variants, rs2292912 in CRY2 and rs12315175 near CRY1, although statistical significance was nominal (combined OR = 1.05 [1.01-1.08], p = 0.008 and OR = 0.95 [0.91-0.99], p = 0.015 respectively). Conclusions/significance: None of the selected circadian gene variants was associated with type 2 diabetes with study-wide significance after meta-analysis. The nominal association observed with the CRY2 SNP, however, complements previous findings and confirms a role for this locus in disease susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere32670
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Medical problems
noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Genes
odds ratio
Polymorphism
Odds Ratio
meta-analysis
single nucleotide polymorphism
genes
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Meta-Analysis
Nucleotides
Alleles
Disease Susceptibility
alleles
disease resistance
Polymerase chain reaction
Pakistan
prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Kelly, M. A., Rees, S. D., Hydriem, Z. L., Shera, A. S., Bellary, S., O'Hare, J. P., ... Barnett, A. H. (2012). Circadian gene variants and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes: A pilot study. PLoS One, 7(4), [e32670]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032670

Circadian gene variants and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes : A pilot study. / Kelly, M. Ann; Rees, Simon D.; Hydriem, Zafar L.; Shera, A. Samad; Bellary, Srikanth; O'Hare, J. Paul; Kumar, Sudhesh; Taheri, Shahrad; Basit, Abdul; Barnett, Anthony H.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 4, e32670, 02.04.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelly, MA, Rees, SD, Hydriem, ZL, Shera, AS, Bellary, S, O'Hare, JP, Kumar, S, Taheri, S, Basit, A & Barnett, AH 2012, 'Circadian gene variants and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes: A pilot study', PLoS One, vol. 7, no. 4, e32670. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032670
Kelly MA, Rees SD, Hydriem ZL, Shera AS, Bellary S, O'Hare JP et al. Circadian gene variants and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes: A pilot study. PLoS One. 2012 Apr 2;7(4). e32670. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032670
Kelly, M. Ann ; Rees, Simon D. ; Hydriem, Zafar L. ; Shera, A. Samad ; Bellary, Srikanth ; O'Hare, J. Paul ; Kumar, Sudhesh ; Taheri, Shahrad ; Basit, Abdul ; Barnett, Anthony H. / Circadian gene variants and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes : A pilot study. In: PLoS One. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 4.
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