Chemical bath deposited Zn(Se,OH)x on Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 for high efficiency thin film solar cells: Growth kinetics, electronic properties, device performance and loss analysis

A. Ennaoui, M. Weber, M. Saad, W. Harneit, M. Ch Lux-Steiner, F. Karg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zn(Se,OH)x thin films were grown on Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 (CIGSS) substrate by chemical bath technique. The initial formation and subsequent development of the CIGSS/Zn(Se,OH)x interface are studied by XPS photoemission spectroscopy. Changes in the In 4d and Zn 3d core lines are used to directly determine the CIGSS/Zn(Se,OH)x heterojunction valence band discontinuity and the consequent heterojunction band diagram. For device optimization the thickness and good surface coverage were controlled by XPS-UPS photoemission spectroscopy. A Zn(Se,OH)x thickness below 10 nm has been found to be optimum for achieving a homogeneous and compact film on CIGSS. A remarkably high active area efficiency up to 15.7% (total area efficiency 13.26% with open circuit voltage (Voc up to 565.74 mV, a fill factor (FF) of 71% and a short-circuit photocurrent density (Jph) greater than 33.01 mA/cm2) are obtained. The internal parameters, such as the saturation currents, the series resistance Rs and shunt resistance Rsh are calculated. Major losses in these cells are due to the significant influence of the series resistance Rs on the fill factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-453
Number of pages4
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Growth kinetics
Cell growth
Photoelectron spectroscopy
Electronic properties
Heterojunctions
baths
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
solar cells
heterojunctions
kinetics
Open circuit voltage
photoelectric emission
thin films
Valence bands
Photocurrents
electronics
Short circuit currents
short circuits
shunts
open circuit voltage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Chemical bath deposited Zn(Se,OH)x on Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 for high efficiency thin film solar cells : Growth kinetics, electronic properties, device performance and loss analysis. / Ennaoui, A.; Weber, M.; Saad, M.; Harneit, W.; Lux-Steiner, M. Ch; Karg, F.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 361, 21.02.2000, p. 450-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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