Characterization of viscosupplementation formulations using chemical exchange saturation transfer (ViscoCEST)

Mohammad Haris, Anup Singh, Sanjana Reddy, Puneet Bagga, J. Bruce Kneeland, Fotios P. Tjoumakaris, Hari Hariharan, Francesco M. Marincola, Ravinder Reddy

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Abstract

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by progressive loss of cartilage in joints, and is a major cause of pain and disability, and imposes significant health care expense. New therapies are being developed to treat the symptomatic effect of OA, one of which is intra-articular injection of viscosupplementations of different forms of hyaluronic acid (HA). The current study evaluates the chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) effect from two popular viscosupplementations [Hylan gf-20 (Synvisc) and hyaluronan (Orthovisc)] by targeting the exchangeable hydroxyl protons present on these molecules (ViscoCEST). Methods: ViscoCEST imaging from two viscosupplementations (Synvisc and Orthovisc) was performed on a 7T Siemens whole body MRI scanner. ViscoCEST images were collected with different combination of saturation pulse power and saturation duration. Z spectra were acquired at B1rms of 3.6 μT and 1 s saturation duration by varying the frequency from -4 to +4 ppm in step size of 0.1 ppm. Field inhomogeneity (B0) and radiofrequency (B1) maps were also acquired to correct ViscoCEST contrast map for any inhomogeneity. Results: Both viscosupplementations showed broad CEST effect (ViscoCEST), which peaked ~0.8 ppm from down field of water resonance. Orthovisc showed 20 % higher ViscoCEST contrast than Synvisc suggestive of more HA component in Orthovisc. Increased ViscoCEST contrast was observed from both viscosupplementations with increase in B1rms and saturation pulse duration. Conclusion: ViscoCEST has a potential to image the spatial distribution of viscosupplements in vivo in patients' intra-articular space as well as temporal variation in their spatial distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number92
JournalJournal of Translational Medicine
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Haris, M., Singh, A., Reddy, S., Bagga, P., Kneeland, J. B., Tjoumakaris, F. P., Hariharan, H., Marincola, F. M., & Reddy, R. (2016). Characterization of viscosupplementation formulations using chemical exchange saturation transfer (ViscoCEST). Journal of Translational Medicine, 14(1), [92]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-016-0850-8