Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by progressive loss of cartilage in joints, and is a major cause of pain and disability, and imposes significant health care expense. New therapies are being developed to treat the symptomatic effect of OA, one of which is intra-articular injection of viscosupplementations of different forms of hyaluronic acid (HA). The current study evaluates the chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) effect from two popular viscosupplementations [Hylan gf-20 (Synvisc) and hyaluronan (Orthovisc)] by targeting the exchangeable hydroxyl protons present on these molecules (ViscoCEST). Methods: ViscoCEST imaging from two viscosupplementations (Synvisc and Orthovisc) was performed on a 7T Siemens whole body MRI scanner. ViscoCEST images were collected with different combination of saturation pulse power and saturation duration. Z spectra were acquired at B1rms of 3.6 μT and 1 s saturation duration by varying the frequency from -4 to +4 ppm in step size of 0.1 ppm. Field inhomogeneity (B0) and radiofrequency (B1) maps were also acquired to correct ViscoCEST contrast map for any inhomogeneity. Results: Both viscosupplementations showed broad CEST effect (ViscoCEST), which peaked ~0.8 ppm from down field of water resonance. Orthovisc showed 20 % higher ViscoCEST contrast than Synvisc suggestive of more HA component in Orthovisc. Increased ViscoCEST contrast was observed from both viscosupplementations with increase in B1rms and saturation pulse duration. Conclusion: ViscoCEST has a potential to image the spatial distribution of viscosupplements in vivo in patients' intra-articular space as well as temporal variation in their spatial distribution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)