Characterization of CD8- HLA class I/epitope tetrameric complexes binding T cells

Dirk Nagorsen, Vladia Monsurrò, Ena Wang, Francesco M. Marincola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antigen-specific CD8-expressing T cells play a crucial role in the host's defense against viral disease and malignancy. Epitope-specific CD8+ T cell responses to malignant and viral disease can be accurately measured using tetramers (tHLA) of HLA class I molecules loaded with antigenic peptides. In addition, tHLA have been used to evaluate immune responses to antigen-specific immunization, tHLA bind specifically to complementary T-cell receptor (TCR) structures on the surface of T cells expressing the CD8 coreceptor. Surprisingly, however, CD8- cells binding tHLA are often observed. This study uses four-color flow cytometry to show that HLA-A*0201-tHLA-stained CD8- cells can be divided into two subsets: 87% represent B-lymphocytes (CD19+, CD45RA+, HLA-DR+, and CD20+), and 13% represent T-helper cells (CD3+, CD4+, CD45RA+, and CD27+). This phenomenon is not HLA-restricted because it could be observed even in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from a non HLA-A*0201-expressing healthy donor. In addition, no T-cell receptor was detected on the B-lymphocytes. Retrospective enumeration of vaccine-induced CD8- tHLA+ cells in 243 PBMC samples from 36 patients with melanoma undergoing peptide vaccination revealed that tHLA staining is not dependent on immunization status or the presence of CD8+ tHLA+ T cells. These findings, suggest that the nonspecific binding of tHLA to non-TCR-expressing T cells requires a careful interpretation of results and further steps in preparation of sample for tHLA-based sorting of epitope specific T cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-384
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunotherapy
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2002

Keywords

  • B-lymphocytes
  • HLA
  • T cell
  • Tetramer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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