Characterization methods of thin film composite nanofiltration membranes

W. J. Lau, A. F. Ismail, P. S. Goh, N. Hilal, B. S. Ooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review provides a comprehensive survey on the characterization methods used to study the properties and performances of thin film composite nanofiltration (NF) membranes in water separation processes. In general, the intrinsic properties of NF membranes are characterized with respect to chemical properties and physical properties using various analytical instruments. For instance, FTIR spectroscope, zeta potential analyzer, XPS, XRD, and NMR spectroscope are some of the widely used instruments to evaluate the membrane chemical properties while SEM, FESEM, TEM, AFM, contact angle goniometer, and positron annihilation spectroscopy are those that have been commonly employed to study the membrane structural properties. With respect to permeability and selectivity, NF membranes are generally characterized through filtration experiments using appropriate feed properties under specific testing conditions. Furthermore, this review also covers the characterization techniques used to study the resistance of NF membranes against chlorination, solvent, thermal, and fouling. These resistance tests can be individually conducted, depending on the practical applications of the membranes. Overall, this review attempts to give readers insights into the experimental planning and subsequent interpretation of the above-mentioned characterization techniques. It is also expected to help new researchers in the field of NF to quickly learn various NF characterization methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-156
Number of pages22
JournalSeparation and Purification Reviews
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nanofiltration membranes
Composite membranes
Thin films
Nanofiltration
Membranes
Chemical properties
Positron annihilation spectroscopy
Goniometers
Chlorination
Zeta potential
Fouling
Contact angle
Structural properties
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Physical properties
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Transmission electron microscopy
Planning
Scanning electron microscopy
Water

Keywords

  • Characterization
  • Chemical and physical properties
  • Nanofiltration
  • Permeability
  • Selectivity
  • Stability
  • Thin film composite membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

Characterization methods of thin film composite nanofiltration membranes. / Lau, W. J.; Ismail, A. F.; Goh, P. S.; Hilal, N.; Ooi, B. S.

In: Separation and Purification Reviews, Vol. 44, No. 2, 15.04.2015, p. 135-156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lau, W. J. ; Ismail, A. F. ; Goh, P. S. ; Hilal, N. ; Ooi, B. S. / Characterization methods of thin film composite nanofiltration membranes. In: Separation and Purification Reviews. 2015 ; Vol. 44, No. 2. pp. 135-156.
@article{556449bed2a545baa4052d55ea4f572a,
title = "Characterization methods of thin film composite nanofiltration membranes",
abstract = "This review provides a comprehensive survey on the characterization methods used to study the properties and performances of thin film composite nanofiltration (NF) membranes in water separation processes. In general, the intrinsic properties of NF membranes are characterized with respect to chemical properties and physical properties using various analytical instruments. For instance, FTIR spectroscope, zeta potential analyzer, XPS, XRD, and NMR spectroscope are some of the widely used instruments to evaluate the membrane chemical properties while SEM, FESEM, TEM, AFM, contact angle goniometer, and positron annihilation spectroscopy are those that have been commonly employed to study the membrane structural properties. With respect to permeability and selectivity, NF membranes are generally characterized through filtration experiments using appropriate feed properties under specific testing conditions. Furthermore, this review also covers the characterization techniques used to study the resistance of NF membranes against chlorination, solvent, thermal, and fouling. These resistance tests can be individually conducted, depending on the practical applications of the membranes. Overall, this review attempts to give readers insights into the experimental planning and subsequent interpretation of the above-mentioned characterization techniques. It is also expected to help new researchers in the field of NF to quickly learn various NF characterization methods.",
keywords = "Characterization, Chemical and physical properties, Nanofiltration, Permeability, Selectivity, Stability, Thin film composite membrane",
author = "Lau, {W. J.} and Ismail, {A. F.} and Goh, {P. S.} and N. Hilal and Ooi, {B. S.}",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1080/15422119.2014.882355",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "135--156",
journal = "Separation and Purification Reviews",
issn = "1542-2119",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization methods of thin film composite nanofiltration membranes

AU - Lau, W. J.

AU - Ismail, A. F.

AU - Goh, P. S.

AU - Hilal, N.

AU - Ooi, B. S.

PY - 2015/4/15

Y1 - 2015/4/15

N2 - This review provides a comprehensive survey on the characterization methods used to study the properties and performances of thin film composite nanofiltration (NF) membranes in water separation processes. In general, the intrinsic properties of NF membranes are characterized with respect to chemical properties and physical properties using various analytical instruments. For instance, FTIR spectroscope, zeta potential analyzer, XPS, XRD, and NMR spectroscope are some of the widely used instruments to evaluate the membrane chemical properties while SEM, FESEM, TEM, AFM, contact angle goniometer, and positron annihilation spectroscopy are those that have been commonly employed to study the membrane structural properties. With respect to permeability and selectivity, NF membranes are generally characterized through filtration experiments using appropriate feed properties under specific testing conditions. Furthermore, this review also covers the characterization techniques used to study the resistance of NF membranes against chlorination, solvent, thermal, and fouling. These resistance tests can be individually conducted, depending on the practical applications of the membranes. Overall, this review attempts to give readers insights into the experimental planning and subsequent interpretation of the above-mentioned characterization techniques. It is also expected to help new researchers in the field of NF to quickly learn various NF characterization methods.

AB - This review provides a comprehensive survey on the characterization methods used to study the properties and performances of thin film composite nanofiltration (NF) membranes in water separation processes. In general, the intrinsic properties of NF membranes are characterized with respect to chemical properties and physical properties using various analytical instruments. For instance, FTIR spectroscope, zeta potential analyzer, XPS, XRD, and NMR spectroscope are some of the widely used instruments to evaluate the membrane chemical properties while SEM, FESEM, TEM, AFM, contact angle goniometer, and positron annihilation spectroscopy are those that have been commonly employed to study the membrane structural properties. With respect to permeability and selectivity, NF membranes are generally characterized through filtration experiments using appropriate feed properties under specific testing conditions. Furthermore, this review also covers the characterization techniques used to study the resistance of NF membranes against chlorination, solvent, thermal, and fouling. These resistance tests can be individually conducted, depending on the practical applications of the membranes. Overall, this review attempts to give readers insights into the experimental planning and subsequent interpretation of the above-mentioned characterization techniques. It is also expected to help new researchers in the field of NF to quickly learn various NF characterization methods.

KW - Characterization

KW - Chemical and physical properties

KW - Nanofiltration

KW - Permeability

KW - Selectivity

KW - Stability

KW - Thin film composite membrane

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907540400&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907540400&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15422119.2014.882355

DO - 10.1080/15422119.2014.882355

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84907540400

VL - 44

SP - 135

EP - 156

JO - Separation and Purification Reviews

JF - Separation and Purification Reviews

SN - 1542-2119

IS - 2

ER -