Chapter 3.2 Glucocorticoid effects on gene expression

Tomoshige Kino, George P. Chrousos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)


Glucocorticoids secreted from the adrenal glands have extremely diverse effects on many physiological functions. They exert most of their actions by changing the transcription rates of responsive genes through intracellular glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Glucocorticoid-bound GR interacts with specific DNA sequences called glucocorticoid response elements located in the promoter regions of many responsive genes, directly stimulating or suppressing their transcriptional activities. Glucocorticoid-bound GR also indirectly modulates the transcriptional activity of numerous transcription factors by associating with them via mutual protein-protein interactions. Though these mechanisms of transcriptional regulation, glucocorticoids exert their effects in different, distinct cells, tissues and organs, including the central nervous, metabolic, musculo-skeletal, connective tissue and cardiovascular systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-311
Number of pages17
JournalTechniques in the Behavioral and Neural Sciences
Issue numberPART 1
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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