CFD simulation of the magnetophoretic separation in a microchannel

Saud A. Khashan, Emad Elnajjar, Yousef Haik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CFD simulation of the separation of labeled biospecies from a native fluid flowing through a planar microchannel, mediated by a magnetic field is presented in this study. The fluid flow, coupled with Eulerian advectionconvection concentration equation, is utilized to model the transport of the magnetic biospecies. A moderate-gradient magnetic field caused accumulation of the magnetic labeled species in the vicinity of the higher magnetic field region. The re-distribution of the magnetically labeled species in the region close to the highest magnetic field zone presents a scheme for the focusing or collection of these species from the heterogeneous samples under the simulation conditions. The magneticfluidic interactions and interplay between the magnetophoretic mass transfer and molecular diffusion for different throughputs are analyzed. The study found out that the axial magnetic forces, created from a dipole-like magnetic field, is playing a major role in the vortex formation, and this complements the downward vertical force in confining the particles to a small region near the point with the highest magnetic strength. Also, the study predicts that the generated viscous shear stress levels in the interior region of the channel provide a safe transport mechanism for the biological cells in the solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2960-2967
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume323
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

charge flow devices
microchannels
Microchannels
Computational fluid dynamics
Magnetic fields
magnetic fields
simulation
molecular diffusion
confining
complement
shear stress
fluid flow
mass transfer
Shear stress
Flow of fluids
Vortex flow
Mass transfer
Throughput
vortices
dipoles

Keywords

  • Magnetic separation
  • Magnetophoretic separation
  • Micro-channel flow
  • Nanotechnology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

CFD simulation of the magnetophoretic separation in a microchannel. / Khashan, Saud A.; Elnajjar, Emad; Haik, Yousef.

In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 323, No. 23, 12.2011, p. 2960-2967.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khashan, Saud A. ; Elnajjar, Emad ; Haik, Yousef. / CFD simulation of the magnetophoretic separation in a microchannel. In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 2011 ; Vol. 323, No. 23. pp. 2960-2967.
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