Background Caspase8 influences carcinogenesis through regulation of apoptosis, hyperproliferation, and metastasis. Role of genetic variations in caspase8 has been explored in various cancers; however, their predictive and prognostic role in esophageal cancer is poorly understood. Methods We investigated the association of two potential caspase8 polymorphisms: CASP8 -652 6N del and CASP8 IVS12-19 G>A polymorphisms with susceptibility and survival of 259 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cases and 259 cancer-free controls from northern Indian population using PCR/PCR RFLP method. Results CASP8 IVS12-19 AA genotype was found to be associated with significant increased risk of ESCC (odds ratio (OR) 3.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-10.29) specifically in male subjects (OR 3.71, 95% CI 1.01-13.35) with lower third tumor anatomical location (OR 6.00, 95% CI 1.60-22.55). Kaplan-Meier and Cox Regression analysis showed lower median survival (7.13 months vs. 25.21 months) and greater hazard of death (HR 3.40, 95% CI 1.38-7.90) with CASP8 IVS12-19 AA genotype in ESCC cases compared to IVS12-19 GG genotype. However, no association of CASP8 -652 6N del polymorphism with susceptibility and prognosis of ESCC was observed. Conclusion CASP8 IVS12-19 G>A but not CASP8 -652 6N del polymorphism may modulate risk of ESCC and its survival outcome in northern Indian population.
- esophageal cancer
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