Cardiovascular disease risk factors in the South Asian population living in Kuwait: A cross-sectional study

Naser Elkum, M. Al-Arouj, M. Sharifi, K. Behbehani, A. Bennakhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: High rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been reported in South Asian immigrants in many countries. However, the prevalence and characteristics of cardiovascular disease risk factors among a South Asian population living in Kuwait have not yet been investigated. This study was therefore designed to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and determine whether they are independently associated with diabetes in such a population. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1094 South Asians (781 men and 313 women), mainly Indian and Pakistani (≥ 18 years of age), of whom 75.1% were Indians. Interviews were carried out, during which socio-demographic and anthropometric data were collected, followed by a physical examination and collection of fasting blood samples for laboratory investigations. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7 mmol/l, or being on treatment, and/or self-reported previously diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1%, with 3.4% of that percentage of people being newly diagnosed. Using BMI measurements, 24.0% of those who participated in the study were obese and 46.1% were overweight. Dyslipidaemia was found in 77.6% and hypertension in 44.8%. Advancing age (≥ 40 years), male gender, high LDL, high total cholesterol, hypertension and positive family history of diabetes were significantly associated with increased risk of diabetes. Conclusion: Our study shows that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in South Asian expatriates in Kuwait exceeds prevalence rates reported in their homeland and other countries. This may suggest the added stress of environmental factors on the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors in such populations. Specialized prevention programmes targeting such high-risk ethnic populations are paramount and need to be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-539
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Kuwait
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population
Fasting
Hypertension
Dyslipidemias
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Physical Examination
Cholesterol
Demography
Interviews
Glucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cardiovascular disease risk factors in the South Asian population living in Kuwait : A cross-sectional study. / Elkum, Naser; Al-Arouj, M.; Sharifi, M.; Behbehani, K.; Bennakhi, A.

In: Diabetic Medicine, Vol. 31, No. 5, 2014, p. 531-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elkum, Naser ; Al-Arouj, M. ; Sharifi, M. ; Behbehani, K. ; Bennakhi, A. / Cardiovascular disease risk factors in the South Asian population living in Kuwait : A cross-sectional study. In: Diabetic Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 31, No. 5. pp. 531-539.
@article{be6b5fa79b2f4984b186256160461cb6,
title = "Cardiovascular disease risk factors in the South Asian population living in Kuwait: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Background: High rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been reported in South Asian immigrants in many countries. However, the prevalence and characteristics of cardiovascular disease risk factors among a South Asian population living in Kuwait have not yet been investigated. This study was therefore designed to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and determine whether they are independently associated with diabetes in such a population. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1094 South Asians (781 men and 313 women), mainly Indian and Pakistani (≥ 18 years of age), of whom 75.1{\%} were Indians. Interviews were carried out, during which socio-demographic and anthropometric data were collected, followed by a physical examination and collection of fasting blood samples for laboratory investigations. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7 mmol/l, or being on treatment, and/or self-reported previously diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1{\%}, with 3.4{\%} of that percentage of people being newly diagnosed. Using BMI measurements, 24.0{\%} of those who participated in the study were obese and 46.1{\%} were overweight. Dyslipidaemia was found in 77.6{\%} and hypertension in 44.8{\%}. Advancing age (≥ 40 years), male gender, high LDL, high total cholesterol, hypertension and positive family history of diabetes were significantly associated with increased risk of diabetes. Conclusion: Our study shows that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in South Asian expatriates in Kuwait exceeds prevalence rates reported in their homeland and other countries. This may suggest the added stress of environmental factors on the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors in such populations. Specialized prevention programmes targeting such high-risk ethnic populations are paramount and need to be implemented.",
author = "Naser Elkum and M. Al-Arouj and M. Sharifi and K. Behbehani and A. Bennakhi",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1111/dme.12386",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "531--539",
journal = "Diabetic Medicine",
issn = "0742-3071",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiovascular disease risk factors in the South Asian population living in Kuwait

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Elkum, Naser

AU - Al-Arouj, M.

AU - Sharifi, M.

AU - Behbehani, K.

AU - Bennakhi, A.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: High rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been reported in South Asian immigrants in many countries. However, the prevalence and characteristics of cardiovascular disease risk factors among a South Asian population living in Kuwait have not yet been investigated. This study was therefore designed to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and determine whether they are independently associated with diabetes in such a population. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1094 South Asians (781 men and 313 women), mainly Indian and Pakistani (≥ 18 years of age), of whom 75.1% were Indians. Interviews were carried out, during which socio-demographic and anthropometric data were collected, followed by a physical examination and collection of fasting blood samples for laboratory investigations. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7 mmol/l, or being on treatment, and/or self-reported previously diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1%, with 3.4% of that percentage of people being newly diagnosed. Using BMI measurements, 24.0% of those who participated in the study were obese and 46.1% were overweight. Dyslipidaemia was found in 77.6% and hypertension in 44.8%. Advancing age (≥ 40 years), male gender, high LDL, high total cholesterol, hypertension and positive family history of diabetes were significantly associated with increased risk of diabetes. Conclusion: Our study shows that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in South Asian expatriates in Kuwait exceeds prevalence rates reported in their homeland and other countries. This may suggest the added stress of environmental factors on the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors in such populations. Specialized prevention programmes targeting such high-risk ethnic populations are paramount and need to be implemented.

AB - Background: High rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been reported in South Asian immigrants in many countries. However, the prevalence and characteristics of cardiovascular disease risk factors among a South Asian population living in Kuwait have not yet been investigated. This study was therefore designed to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and determine whether they are independently associated with diabetes in such a population. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1094 South Asians (781 men and 313 women), mainly Indian and Pakistani (≥ 18 years of age), of whom 75.1% were Indians. Interviews were carried out, during which socio-demographic and anthropometric data were collected, followed by a physical examination and collection of fasting blood samples for laboratory investigations. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7 mmol/l, or being on treatment, and/or self-reported previously diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1%, with 3.4% of that percentage of people being newly diagnosed. Using BMI measurements, 24.0% of those who participated in the study were obese and 46.1% were overweight. Dyslipidaemia was found in 77.6% and hypertension in 44.8%. Advancing age (≥ 40 years), male gender, high LDL, high total cholesterol, hypertension and positive family history of diabetes were significantly associated with increased risk of diabetes. Conclusion: Our study shows that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in South Asian expatriates in Kuwait exceeds prevalence rates reported in their homeland and other countries. This may suggest the added stress of environmental factors on the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors in such populations. Specialized prevention programmes targeting such high-risk ethnic populations are paramount and need to be implemented.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898918139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84898918139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/dme.12386

DO - 10.1111/dme.12386

M3 - Article

C2 - 24344774

AN - SCOPUS:84898918139

VL - 31

SP - 531

EP - 539

JO - Diabetic Medicine

JF - Diabetic Medicine

SN - 0742-3071

IS - 5

ER -