Carbon-based electric double layer capacitors for water desalination

Batya A. Fellman, Muataz Atieh, Evelyn N. Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In capacitive deionization (CDI), salt water is passed through two polarized electrodes, whereby the salt is adsorbed onto the electrode surface and removed from the water stream. This approach has received renewed interest for water desalination due to the development of new high-surface area carbon-based nanomaterials. However, there is currently limited understanding as to how electrode geometry, surface properties, and capacitance affect ion capture. In this work, we experimentally investigate various standard carbon-based electrode materials, including activated carbon and carbon cloths, as well as microfabricated silicon structures for CDI. Electrochemical characterization through cyclic voltammetry was used to determine the electrochemical properties of each material. In addition, a mini-channel test cell was fabricated to perform parametric studies on ion capture. By controlling electrode geometry and chemistry in these studies, the work helps elucidate transport mechanisms and provide insight into the design of optimal materials for capacitive deionization.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010
Pages275-279
Number of pages5
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010
EventASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2010 Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: 1 Aug 20105 Aug 2010

Publication series

NameASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010
NumberPARTS A AND B

Conference

ConferenceASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2010 Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, QC
Period1/8/105/8/10

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Fellman, B. A., Atieh, M., & Wang, E. N. (2010). Carbon-based electric double layer capacitors for water desalination. In ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010 (PARTS A AND B ed., pp. 275-279). (ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010; No. PARTS A AND B). https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30696