Calculation of sedimentation equilibrium using a modified flash algorithm

M. Castier, R. O. Espósito, F. W. Tavares, R. P. Peçanha

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We solved the sedimentation equilibrium problem using a generalized flash algorithm, in which we specify the temperature, global particle number density, total volume, and height of the system. The minimization of a thermodynamic potential that takes into account the effect of the gravitational field yields the equilibrium distribution profiles. We used a hard-sphere-mixture equation of state as the thermodynamic model. The results showed to be in good agreement with both experimental data for identical spheres and Monte Carlo simulations for binary systems. We also present a methodology suitable to calculate sedimentation equilibrium in more complex systems, containing more than one solid, each of them characterized by its own size distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3771-3779
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume56
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2001

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Keywords

  • Colloidal suspensions
  • Equations of state
  • Mixtures
  • Phase equilibria
  • Sedimentataion
  • Spheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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