BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MR imaging and 1H-MR spectroscopy changes are well reported in cirrhotic patients, whereas they are inadequately reported in EHPVO. The aim of this study was to investigate age-related changes in brain MR imaging and metabolite profile in EHPVO with and without MHE and to explore any correlation of imaging and 1H-MR spectroscopy parameters with blood ammonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients with EHPVO (children, 7-12 years [n = 22], adolescents, 13-18 years [n = 15] and adults, 19-41 years [n = 26]) and 47 healthy age/sex-matched volunteers were studied. Neuropsychological tests, MR imaging, 1H-MR spectroscopy, and blood ammonia estimation were performed in all subjects. RESULTS: Of 63 EHPVO patients, 25 (40%) who had MHE showed significantly increased MD, Glx, and blood ammonia in all 3 age groups; however, myo-inositol was significantly lower only in adults when compared with controls. MD positively correlated with blood ammonia and Glx in all age groups. Brain choline levels were normal in all patients with different age groups. CONCLUSIONS: Increases in brain MD, Glx, and blood ammonia were associated with MHE in all age groups. Normal brain choline in EHPVO signifies healthy liver and may serve as a diagnostic marker for its differentiation from cirrhosis-induced encephalopathy. Significant decrease of myo-inositol in adults is probably due to cellular osmoregulation secondary to long-standing hyperammonemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology