Boron removal from seawater using NF and RO membranes, and effects of boron on HEK 293 human embryonic kidney cell with respect to toxicities

Sarper Sarp, Sungyun Lee, Xianghao Ren, Eunkyung Lee, Kyongmi Chon, Seok Ho Choi, Suhan Kim, In S. Kim, Jaeweon Cho

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Boron (B) is an important element which should be considered seriously for drinking water production. Boron removal from seawater using nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes was investigated. Increase in salt concentration effects boron removal positively when RO membranes and negatively when NF membranes were used. Time dependencies of membrane processes for boron removal were also investigated. Based on the boron concentration in seawater and treated seawater, toxicity tests were conducted using Western Blotting method. HEK 293, human embryonic kidney cell line and antibodies, Bcl-2 and β-actin were used for boron toxicity tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008



  • Bcl-2
  • Boron removal
  • Boron toxicity
  • HEK 293 human embryonic kidney cell
  • Nanofiltration
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Seawater
  • β-actin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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