Bipolar disorders in the Arab world: A critical review

Ziad Kronfol, Mostafa Zakaria Khalil, Pankaj Kumar, Karsten Suhre, Elie Karam, Melvin McInnis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)


Bipolar disorders are common psychiatric disorders that affect 1-5% of the population worldwide.Major advances in the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of the disorders have recently occurred. The majority of published reports, however, originate from theWestern hemisphere, mostly Europe and the United States. There is a shortage of data from the Arab world on bipolar disorders. In an era of globalization and rapid communication, it is not clear to what extent research findings pertaining to one part of the world are by necessity applicable to other parts. Psychiatric disorders are known to be affected by the culture in which they occur, and knowledge of variations in illness presentation in different ethnic groups is also increasing. However, knowledge of variations affecting Arab populations remains quite limited. This paper provides a critical review of the literature on bipolar affective disorders in the Arab world, pointing to major gaps in knowledge and future opportunities to fill these gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes



  • Arab world
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Lebanon
  • Qatar
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science
  • Medicine(all)

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