Biological hydrogen production from starch wastewater using a novel up-flow anaerobic staged reactor

Mahmoud Nasr, Ahmed Tawfik, Shinichi Ookawara, Masaaki Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Continuous and batch tests were conducted to evaluate fermentative biohydrogen production from starch wastewater via a mesophillic up-flow anaerobic staged reactor (UASR). The effects of organic loading rate (OLR) and food to micro-organisms ratio (F/M) on hydrogen yield (HY) and hydrogen production rate (HPR) were investigated. The bioreactor was continuously operated at a constant hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 6.7 h. The optimal OLR and F/M ratios were 54 g-COD/L.d and 1.4 g-COD/g-VSS.d, respectively. The maximum HY and HPR were 1.87 mol-H2/mol-glucose and 246 mmol-H2/L.d, respectively. Batch experimental results indicated that the optimal initial cultivation pH ranged from 5.5 to 6.5 with a hydrogen potential (P) of 1435-1420 mL-H2, while the initial substrate concentration of 20 g-starch/L showed a maximum HPR (Rm) of 300 mL-H2/h. Zero, 1st and 2nd order kinetic studies were used to develop a model of the experimental data. The 2nd order model adequately fitted with the experimental results (R2>0.97) better than those for a zero-or a 1st order kinetic reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4951-4968
Number of pages18
JournalBioResources
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hydrogen production
Starch
starch
Hydrogen
Wastewater
hydrogen
wastewater
Bioreactors
Reaction kinetics
Glucose
Hydraulics
Kinetics
reaction kinetics
Substrates
bioreactor
reactor
glucose
rate
hydraulics
substrate

Keywords

  • Bio-energy
  • F/M ratio
  • High strength organic wastewater
  • Optimum condition for anaerobic treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Biological hydrogen production from starch wastewater using a novel up-flow anaerobic staged reactor. / Nasr, Mahmoud; Tawfik, Ahmed; Ookawara, Shinichi; Suzuki, Masaaki.

In: BioResources, Vol. 8, No. 4, 11.2013, p. 4951-4968.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nasr, Mahmoud ; Tawfik, Ahmed ; Ookawara, Shinichi ; Suzuki, Masaaki. / Biological hydrogen production from starch wastewater using a novel up-flow anaerobic staged reactor. In: BioResources. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 4951-4968.
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