Integrating the standard coverage of traditional macrocells with cells of reduced dimensions (i.e., small cells) is considered one of the main enhancements for Long Term Evolution systems. Small cells will be overlapped with macrocells and possibly also with each other in areas where wider coverage capability and higher throughput are needed. Such heterogeneous network deployment presents many potential benefits but also some challenges that need to be resolved. In particular, multi-antenna techniques and processing in the spatial domain will be key enabling factors to mitigate these issues. This article presents different small cell deployment approaches: sharing the same frequency bands with the macrocell, or using separated higher frequency bands. For each approach, the benefits of beamforming are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering