Background and Objectives: Phospholipase C epsilon 1 (PLCE1) plays crucial roles in carcinogenesis and progression of esophageal and gastric cancers. In the present study, we investigated association of GWAS identified rs2274223 A>G and. rs7922612 T>C polymorphism of PLCE1 with susceptibility to gallbladder cancer (GBC). Methods: The study involved genotyping of selected PLCE1 variants in 416 GBC cases and 225 controls. Haplotype analysis was done by SNPStats. In silico analyses were performed using bioinformatic tools. Results: PLCE1 rs2274223 [AG] and rs7922612 [CC] genotypes were found to be significantly associated with an increased risk of GBC [OR = 1.9, p = 0.002; OR = 2.0, p = 0.04, respectively]. PLCE1 haplotype [Grs2274223-C rs7922612] also showed significant association with GBC [OR = 1.8, p = 0.04]. The association was significant in females and GBC patients with stones and female GBC patients with gallstones [OR = 2.6, p = 0.01; OR = 3.3, p = 0.007], respectively. However, no significant associations with other risk factors such as tobacco usage and age of onset were found. Functional prediction of rs2274223 A>G suggested change in protein coding and splicing regulation. Conclusion: The present study found a significant association of PLCE1 rs2274223 and rs7922612 polymorphisms with susceptibility to GBC probably through gallstone-mediated inflammatory pathway.
- Case-control association study
- Gallstone disease
- Genetic predisposition
- Phospholipase C epsilon 1
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