Association of irisin with fat mass, resting energy expenditure, and daily activity in conditions of extreme body mass index

María Pardo, Ana B. Crujeiras, María Amil, Zaida Aguera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Rosa Baños, Cristina Botella, Rafael De La Torre, Xavier P. Estivill, Ana B. Fagundo, Jose M. Fernández-Real, José C. Fernández-García, Gema Fruhbeck, Javier Gómez-Ambrosi, Roser Rodríguez, Francisco J. Tinahones, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Felipe F. Casanueva

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Abstract

FNDC5/irisin has been recently postulated as beneficial in the treatment of obesity and diabetes because it is induced in muscle by exercise, increasing energy expenditure. However, recent reports have shown that WAT also secretes irisin and that circulating irisin is elevated in obese subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate irisin levels in conditions of extreme BMI and its correlation with basal metabolism and daily activity. The study involved 145 female patients, including 96 with extreme BMIs (30 anorexic (AN) and 66 obese (OB)) and 49 healthy normal weight (NW). The plasma irisin levels were significantly elevated in the OB patients compared with the AN and NW patients. Irisin also correlated positively with body weight, BMI, and fat mass. The OB patients exhibited the highest REE and higher daily physical activity compared with the AN patients but lower activity compared with the NW patients. The irisin levels were inversely correlated with daily physical activity and directly correlated with REE. Fat mass contributed to most of the variability of the irisin plasma levels independently of the other studied parameters. Conclusion. Irisin levels are influenced by energy expenditure independently of daily physical activity but fat mass is the main contributing factor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number857270
JournalInternational Journal of Endocrinology
Volume2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Pardo, M., Crujeiras, A. B., Amil, M., Aguera, Z., Jiménez-Murcia, S., Baños, R., Botella, C., De La Torre, R., Estivill, X. P., Fagundo, A. B., Fernández-Real, J. M., Fernández-García, J. C., Fruhbeck, G., Gómez-Ambrosi, J., Rodríguez, R., Tinahones, F. J., Fernández-Aranda, F., & Casanueva, F. F. (2014). Association of irisin with fat mass, resting energy expenditure, and daily activity in conditions of extreme body mass index. International Journal of Endocrinology, 2014, [857270]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/857270