Aqueous reduced graphene/thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites

Ken Hsuan Liao, Yong Tae Park, Ahmed Abdala, Christopher Macosko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aqueous reduction of graphene oxide is a low energy and hazardous-chemical free method to produce graphene. In this article, we report the first polymer nanocomposites with aqueous reduced graphene (ARG). Dispersion of ARG in polymer can be challenging because of the aggregation and stacking of single sheets during the removal of water. A novel co-solvent process to blend ARG into thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) avoids drying ARG by adding an organic solvent before water is completely removed from the aqueous reduction mixture. The dispersion of ARG in TPU was significantly improved using the co-solvent process compared to conventional solvent blending as demonstrated by the mechanical and electrical properties of ARG/TPU composites. Moreover, properties of the co-solvent blended ARG composite are similar to those of the composites of thermally reduced graphene (TRG), which are the best reported to date. We believe that using solvent exchange to avoid aggregation during drying is a general strategy applicable to other nanocomposite preparations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4555-4559
Number of pages5
JournalPolymer (United Kingdom)
Volume54
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polyurethanes
Graphite
Graphene
Thermoplastics
Nanocomposites
Drying
Polymers
Composite materials
Agglomeration
Hazardous Substances
Water
Organic solvents
Oxides
Electric properties
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Conductivity
  • Graphene nanocomposites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Aqueous reduced graphene/thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites. / Liao, Ken Hsuan; Park, Yong Tae; Abdala, Ahmed; Macosko, Christopher.

In: Polymer (United Kingdom), Vol. 54, No. 17, 02.08.2013, p. 4555-4559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liao, Ken Hsuan ; Park, Yong Tae ; Abdala, Ahmed ; Macosko, Christopher. / Aqueous reduced graphene/thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites. In: Polymer (United Kingdom). 2013 ; Vol. 54, No. 17. pp. 4555-4559.
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