In many applications, interior permanent magnet synchronous machines (IPMSMs) with fractional slot concentrated windings (FSCWs) are considered promising candidates in terms of higher power density and efficiency. In addition, employing a multiphase stator winding improves the drive train availability and increases reliability. This study investigates the effect of applying stator shifting to five-phase FSCW winding IPMSMs to suppress the effect of the slot harmonics by doubling the number of slots. In this case, the winding coil pitch will be two, which stands as a compromise between single-tooth and distributed winding topologies. This highly improves the air gap flux distribution, significantly reduces both rotor core and magnet eddy current losses, and increases saliency ratio and reluctance torque component. Moreover, an improved performance under fault conditions, in terms of lower torque ripple, and core and magnet losses, adds to the main advantages of this technique. Various slot/pole combinations suitable for five-phase machines are investigated. A full simulation case study based on two-dimensional finite element analysis is applied to the 20-slot/18-pole stator with single-tooth winding under both healthy and open-circuit phase fault cases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering