Application of a moving-bed biofilm reactor for sulfur-oxidizing autotrophic denitrification

Yan Xiang Cui, Di Wu, Hamish Mackey, Ho Kwong Chui, Guang Hao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfur-oxidizing autotrophic denitrification (SO-AD) was investigated in a laboratory-scale moving-bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) at a sewage temperature of 22 °C. A synthetic wastewater with nitrate, sulfide and thiosulfate was fed into the MBBR. After 20 days' acclimation, the reduced sulfur compounds were completely oxidized and nitrogen removal efficiency achieved up to 82%. The operation proceeded to examine the denitrification by decreasing hydraulic retention time (HRT) from 12 to 4 h in stages. At steady state, this laboratory-scale SO-AD MBBR achieved the nitrogen removal efficiency of 94% at the volumetric loading rate of 0.18 kg N (mreactor 3 d)-1. The biofilm formation was examined periodically: the attached volatile solids (AVS) gradually increased corresponding to the decrease of HRT and stabilized at about 1,300 mg AVS Lreactor -1 at steady state. This study demonstrated that without adding external organic carbon, SO-AD can be successfully applied in moving-bed carriers. The application of SO-AD MBBR has shown the potential for sulfur-containing industrial wastewater treatment, brackish wastewater treatment and the upgrading of the activated sludge system. Moreover, the study provides direct design information for the full-scale MBBR application of the sulfur-cycle based SANI process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1034
Number of pages8
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Denitrification
Biofilms
biofilm
denitrification
Sulfur
sulfur
Nitrogen removal
Wastewater treatment
Hydraulics
hydraulics
sulfur cycle
Sulfur compounds
thiosulfate
nitrogen
sulfur compound
Sewage
Organic carbon
acclimation
activated sludge
reactor

Keywords

  • Biofilm technology
  • MBBR
  • Sulfate reduction autotrophic denitrification nitrification integrated (SANI) process
  • Sulfur-oxidizing autotrophic denitrification (SO-AD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Application of a moving-bed biofilm reactor for sulfur-oxidizing autotrophic denitrification. / Cui, Yan Xiang; Wu, Di; Mackey, Hamish; Chui, Ho Kwong; Chen, Guang Hao.

In: Water Science and Technology, Vol. 77, No. 4, 01.02.2018, p. 1027-1034.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cui, Yan Xiang ; Wu, Di ; Mackey, Hamish ; Chui, Ho Kwong ; Chen, Guang Hao. / Application of a moving-bed biofilm reactor for sulfur-oxidizing autotrophic denitrification. In: Water Science and Technology. 2018 ; Vol. 77, No. 4. pp. 1027-1034.
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