Apolipoprotein D Inhibits Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-BB-Induced Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferated by Preventing Translocation of Phosphorylated Extracellular Signal Regulated Kinase 1/2 to the Nucleus

Jennifer M. Sarjeant, Allan Lawrie, Caroline Kinnear, Shmuel Yablonsky, Wesley Leung, Hamid Massaeli, Wendy Prichett, John P. Veinot, Eric Rassart, Marlene Rabinovitch

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38 Citations (Scopus)


Objective-Elevated apolipoprotein D (apoD) levels are associated with reduced proliferation of cancer cells. We therefore investigated whether apoD, which occurs free or associated with HDL, suppresses vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, which is related to the pathobiology of disease. Methods and Results-Intense immunoreactivity for apoD was observed in human atherosclerotic plaque but not in normal coronary artery. However, an increase in apoD mRNA was seen in quiescent relative to proliferating fetal lamb aortic VSMCs, and in the rat aortic VSMC line (A1O), we demonstrated uptake of apoD from serum. Stable transfection of apoD in A10 cells in the absence of serum did not influence VSMC proliferation assessed by [ 3H]-thymidine incorporation. ApoD, administered at a dose of 100 ng/mL, completely inhibited basal as well as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced VSMC proliferation (P<0.01) but had no effect on fibroblast growth factor-induced VSMC proliferation. ApoD did not suppress PDGF-BB or fibroblast growth factor-2-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 but selectively inhibited PDGF-BB-mediated ERK1/2 nuclear translocation. Conclusions-Our data suggest that apoD selectively modulates the proliferative response of VSMC to growth factors by a mechanism related to nuclear translocation of ERK1/2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2172-2177
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes



  • Apolipoprotein D
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation and nuclear translocation
  • Fibroblast growth factor-2
  • Platelet-derived growth factor-BB
  • Proliferation
  • Vascular smooth muscle cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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