Analysis of the CFTR gene in the Spanish population: SSCP‐screening for 60 known mutations and identification of four new mutations (Q30X, A120T, 1812‐1 G→A, and 3667de14)

Miguel Chillón, Teresa Casals, Javier Giménez, Virginia Nunes, Xavier Estivill

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Abstract

In order to determine the spectrum of CF mutations in the Spanish population, we have analysed 40 unrelated Spanish CF patients, with at least one chromosome negative for mutations ΔF508, G542X, and N1303K. Exons l–7,10–14a,15,16,17b,18–21 of the CFTR gene were studied by Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, using 60 known CF mutations as controls. SSCP screening allowed us to detect 28 different mutations in 52 CF chromosomes, and to identify four new mutations (Q30X in exon 2, A120T in exon 4, 1812‐lG→A in intron 11 and 3667del4 in exon 19). Further analysis of the four new mutations in a total of 950 Spanish CF chromosomes showed a final frequency of 0.4%, 0.1%, 0.1%, and 0.1% for 1812‐1G→A, Q30X, A120T, and 3667del4, respectively. No mutations were detected in exons 1, 3, 14a, 16, and 18. We have also detected 10 intragenic polymorphisms and DNA sequence variants and have analysed their frequencies in our population. The total of 28 mutations identified in the 80 CF chromosomes highlight the molecular heterogeneity of CF in the Spanish population. © 1994 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-230
Number of pages8
JournalHuman mutation
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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Keywords

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Mutations
  • SSCP analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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