An update on Vitamin D and B deficiency in the pathogenesis and treatment of diabetic neuropathy: A narrative review

Uazman Alam, Andrew J. Nelson, Daniel J. Cuthbertson, Rayaz Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is highly prevalent and affects up to 50% of patients with diabetes. Painful neuropathic symptoms may occur in a third of patients with diabetes and is a major cause of sleep disturbance, morbidity and poor quality of life. Effective treatment of DPN remains a major challenge as current therapeutic options have a number of undesirable side effects and only provide a partial response to neuropathic pain. Furthermore, there are a lack of treatments that modulate the natural history of DPN. A growing body of evidence suggests that vitamin B and vitamin D may have analgesic effects and neuroprotective benefits in DPN. This narrative review explores the role of these vitamins in DPN. Given their limited side effects, further mechanistic studies and good quality randomized controlled trials of their putative analgesic ability are required to define the role of vitamin B and D in DPN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalFuture Neurology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018



  • deficiency
  • diabetic
  • neuropathy
  • peripheral
  • Vitamin B
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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