ALP: Adaptive loss protection scheme with constant overhead for interactive video applications

Kiana Calagari, Mohammad Reza Pakravan, Shervin Shirmohammadi, Mohamed Hefeeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


There has been an increasing demand for interactive video transmission over the Internet for applications such as video conferencing, video calls, and telepresence applications. These applications are increasingly moving towards providing High Definition (HD) video quality to users. A key challenge in these applications is to preserve the quality of video when it is transported over best-effort networks that do not guarantee lossless transport of video packets. In such conditions, it is important to protect the transmitted video by using intelligent and adaptive protection schemes. Applications such as HD video conferencing require live interaction among participants, which limits the overall delay the system can tolerate. Therefore, the protection scheme should add little or no extra delay to video transport. We propose a novel Adaptive Loss Protection (ALP) scheme for interactive HD video applications such as video conferencing and video chats. This scheme adds negligible delay to the transmission process and is shown to achieve better quality than other schemes in lossy networks. The proposed ALP scheme adaptively applies four different protection modes to cope with the dynamic network conditions, which results in high video quality in all network conditions. Our ALP scheme consists of four protection modes; each of these modes utilizes a protection method. Two of the modes rely on the state-of-the-art protection methods, and we propose a new Integrated Loss Protection (ILP) method for the other two modes. In the ILP method we integrate three factors for distributing the protection among packets. These three factors are error propagation, region of interest and header information. In order to decide when to switch between the protection modes, a new metric is proposed based on the effectiveness of each mode in performing protection, rather than just considering network statistics such as packet loss rate. Results show that by using this metric not only the overall quality will be improved but also the variance of quality will decrease. One of the main advantages of the proposed ALP scheme is that it does not increase the bit rate overhead in poor network conditions. Our results show a significant gain in video quality, up to 3dB PSNR improvement is achieved using our scheme, compared to protecting all packets equally with the same amount of overhead.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25
JournalACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications and Applications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Adaptive video protection
  • Data partitioning
  • Error propagation
  • FEC
  • FMO
  • H.264/AVC
  • HD video
  • Interactive video
  • ROI
  • Slicing
  • ULP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'ALP: Adaptive loss protection scheme with constant overhead for interactive video applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this