Age-dependent insulin resistance in male mice with null deletion of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 2 gene

Simona Ghanem, Harrison T. Muturi, Anthony M. DeAngelis, Jiang Hu, Rohit N. Kulkarni, Garrett Heinrich, Sonia M. Najjar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: Cc2−/− mice lacking the gene encoding the carcinoembryonic-antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 2 (Cc2 [also known as Ceacam2]) exhibit hyperphagia that leads to obesity and insulin resistance. This starts at 2 months of age in female mice. Male mutants maintain normal body weight and insulin sensitivity until the last age previously examined (7–8 months), owing to increased sympathetic tone to white adipose tissue and energy expenditure. The current study investigates whether insulin resistance develops in mutant male mice at a later age and whether this is accompanied by changes in insulin homeostasis. Methods: Insulin response was assessed by insulin and glucose tolerance tests. Energy balance was analysed by indirect calorimetry. Results: Male Cc2−/− mice developed overt metabolic abnormalities at about 9 months of age. These include elevated global fat mass, hyperinsulinaemia and insulin resistance (as determined by glucose and insulin intolerance, fed hyperglycaemia and decreased insulin signalling pathways). Pair-feeding experiments showed that insulin resistance resulted from hyperphagia. Indirect calorimetry demonstrated that older mutant male mice had compromised energy expenditure. Despite increased insulin secretion caused by Cc2 deletion, chronic hyperinsulinaemia did not develop in mutant male mice until about 9 months of age, at which point insulin clearance began to decline substantially. This was probably mediated by a marked decrease in hepatic CEACAM1 expression. Conclusions/interpretation: The data demonstrate that at about 9 months of age, Cc2−/− male mice develop a reduction in energy expenditure and energy imbalance which, combined with a progressive decrease in CEACAM1-dependent hepatic insulin clearance, causes chronic hyperinsulinaemia and sustained age-dependent insulin resistance. This represents a novel mechanistic underpinning of age-related impairment of hepatic insulin clearance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1760
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetologia
Volume60
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • CEACAM2
  • Energy balance
  • Hyperinsulinaemia
  • Hyperphagia
  • Insulin clearance
  • Insulin resistance
  • Insulin secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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