Adolescent prediabetes in a high-risk Middle East country

A cross-sectional study

Ravinder Mamtani, Albert B. Lowenfels, Javaid Sheikh, Sohaila Cheema, Abdulla Al-Hamaq, Sharoud A. Matthis, Katie G. El-Nahas, Patrick Maisonneuve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of prediabetes in adolescents living in a high-risk country and to detect risk factors associated with this disorder. Design: Survey questionnaire combined with physical measurements and blood sugar determination. Setting: Doha, capital city of Qatar. Participants: A total of 1694 male and female students aged 11–18 years without previously diagnosed diabetes enrolled in four schools. Main outcome measure: Blood sugar measurements. Other measured variables included gender, height, weight, abdominal circumference, country of origin, family history of diabetes and frequency of exercise. Results: Using a random blood sugar ≥7.8 mmol/L or a fasting blood sugar ≥5.5 mmol/L as cutpoints, we identified 4.2% of students (56 boys, 15 girls) as probable prediabetics. In a multivariate model, being boys (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.7–6.2), having a diabetic parent (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1– 3.2) or having a waist-to-height ratio >0.5 (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1–3.0) were significantly associated with being a prediabetic. The parental origin of diabetes had a differential effect upon blood sugar. The mean random blood sugar in students with a maternal inheritance pattern of diabetes was 5.61 mmol/L�1.0, compared to 5.39 mmol/L�0.89 in students with a paternal inheritance pattern (p=0.02). Conclusions: In a country with a high riskof adult diabetes,we identified 4.2% of students aged 11–18 as being prediabetic. Risk factors associated with prediabetes includedmale gender, family history of diabetes and waist-to-height ratio >0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalJRSM Short Reports
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Prediabetic State
Middle East
Blood Glucose
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Inheritance Patterns
Sagittal Abdominal Diameter
Qatar
Fasting
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Exercise
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Diabetes
  • Epidemiology
  • Exercise
  • Middle East
  • Obesity
  • Paediatrics
  • Prediabetes
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Adolescent prediabetes in a high-risk Middle East country : A cross-sectional study. / Mamtani, Ravinder; Lowenfels, Albert B.; Sheikh, Javaid; Cheema, Sohaila; Al-Hamaq, Abdulla; Matthis, Sharoud A.; El-Nahas, Katie G.; Maisonneuve, Patrick.

In: JRSM Short Reports, Vol. 5, No. 8, 01.01.2014, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mamtani, R, Lowenfels, AB, Sheikh, J, Cheema, S, Al-Hamaq, A, Matthis, SA, El-Nahas, KG & Maisonneuve, P 2014, 'Adolescent prediabetes in a high-risk Middle East country: A cross-sectional study', JRSM Short Reports, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1177/2054270414536550
Mamtani, Ravinder ; Lowenfels, Albert B. ; Sheikh, Javaid ; Cheema, Sohaila ; Al-Hamaq, Abdulla ; Matthis, Sharoud A. ; El-Nahas, Katie G. ; Maisonneuve, Patrick. / Adolescent prediabetes in a high-risk Middle East country : A cross-sectional study. In: JRSM Short Reports. 2014 ; Vol. 5, No. 8. pp. 1-5.
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