Activation Studies with an Iron Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst in Fixed Bed and Stirred Tank Slurry Reactors

Dragomir B. Bukur, Lech Nowicki, Snehal A. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A precipitated iron catalyst (100 Fe/5 Cu/4.2 K/25 SiO2 on a mass basis) was tested in a fixed bed reactor and a stirred tank slurry reactor under the same process conditions (250°C, 1.48 MPa, 2 L(STP)/gcat · h, H2 : CO = 2:3). Two different pretreatment procedures were employed (hydrogen reduction at 220°C and carbon monoxide activation at 280°C) in each of the two reactor types. In the stirred tank slurry reactor tests the activity (based on an apparent first order reaction rate constant) of the carbon monoxide pretreated catalyst was about 25% higher than that of hydrogen reduced catalyst, due to incomplete reduction of the latter. In all tests the catalyst selectivity changed slowly with time on stream. Hydrocarbon distribution shifted toward lower molar mass products, and secondary reactions (1-olefin hydrogenation, isomerization and readsorption) increased with time. The secondary reactions were the most pronounced on the hydrogen reduced catalyst in the fixed bed reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-404
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume74
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Iron
Chemical activation
Hydrogen
Catalysts
Carbon monoxide
Catalyst selectivity
Molar mass
Alkenes
Isomerization
Hydrocarbons
Olefins
Hydrogenation
Reaction rates
Rate constants

Keywords

  • Fischer-tropsch synthesis
  • Hydrocarbon product distribution
  • Olefin selectivity
  • Pretreatment effects
  • Promoted iron catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Activation Studies with an Iron Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst in Fixed Bed and Stirred Tank Slurry Reactors. / Bukur, Dragomir B.; Nowicki, Lech; Patel, Snehal A.

In: Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 74, No. 3, 1996, p. 399-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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