The interaction between CD28 on T cells and CD80 on APCs intensifies the linkage between TCR and MHC at the site of contact between T cells and APCs. In this study, we demonstrate that during human T cell/human APC interaction, the autologous or allogeneic human CD4+ T cells become positive for the detection of CD80 at an early stage of activation (24 h). This detection of CD80 is attributable to the acquisition of CD80 from APCs, as opposed to the up-regulation of endogenous CD80, as demonstrated by CD4+ T cells treated with cyclohexamide. Furthermore, no CD80 mRNA could be detected at 24 h in T cells that had acquired CD80 from APCs. CD80 acquisition by T cells from APCs was enhanced upon TCR engagement. The amount of CD80 acquisition by CD4+ T cells was shown to be related to the expression of CD80 on APCs. Using soluble fusion proteins (soluble CTLA-4, CD28, and CD80) to block either CD28 on the surface of T cells or CD80 on the surface of APCs, it was demonstrated that CD80 acquisition by T cells is mediated through its receptors, possibly CD28 interaction. Moreover, we demonstrate that T cells that have acquired CD80 have the ability to stimulate other T cells. These data thus suggest that CD80 acquisition by human T cells might play a role in the immunoregulation of T cell responses.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas