The structure of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of 3-(4′- (methylthio)-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)propane-1-thiol (CH3S(C 6H4)2(CH2)3SH) formed on Au(111)/mica has been investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), high-resolution X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HRXPS), near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. A highly crystalline monolayer terminated by thioether moieties is formed, which adopts a structure that differs from the previously studied CH3 terminated analogue with its 2√3 × √3 unit cell. An oblique 2√3 × √61 chiral unit cell containing 8 molecules is proposed. Accommodation of the substantial mismatch between the lattices of the SAM and substrate is explained by molecular design. Serving as a buffer layer, the alkane spacer decouples the SAM lattice, defined by the functionalized aromatic moieties, from the substrate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films