Accessible texts for autism: An eye-tracking study

Victoria Yaneva, Irina Temnikova, Ruslan Mitkov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

People with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are known to experience diffculties in reading comprehension, as well as to have unusual attention patterns, which makes the development of user-centred tools for this population a challenging task. This paper presents the first study to use eye-tracking technology with ASD participants in order to evaluate text documents. Its aim is two-fold. First, it evaluates the use of images in texts and provides evidence of a significant difference in the attention patterns of participants with and without autism. Sets of two types of images, photographs and symbols, are compared to establish which ones are more useful to include in simple documents. Second, the study evaluates human-produced easy-read documents, as a gold standard for accessible documents, on 20 adults with autism. The results provide an understanding of the perceived level of diffculty of easy-read documents according to this population, as well as the preferences of autistic individuals in text presentation. The results are synthesized as set of guidelines for creating accessible text for autism.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASSETS 2015 - Proceedings of the 17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages49-57
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781450334006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2015
Event17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, ASSETS 2015 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 26 Oct 201528 Oct 2015

Other

Other17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, ASSETS 2015
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period26/10/1528/10/15

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Keywords

  • Autism
  • Easy-read
  • Eye tracking
  • Readability
  • Reading comprehension
  • Text simpli-fication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this

Yaneva, V., Temnikova, I., & Mitkov, R. (2015). Accessible texts for autism: An eye-tracking study. In ASSETS 2015 - Proceedings of the 17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (pp. 49-57). Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1145/2700648.2809852