Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4

F. Gao, H. Y. Xiao, Y. G. Zhou, R. Devanathan, S. Y. Hu, Y. L. Li, X. Sun, M. A. Khaleel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ab initio methods based on density functional theory have been used to calculate the formation energies of intrinsic defects, including vacancies, interstitials, antisites and Frenkel pairs in YPO 4 under the O-rich and Y 2O 3-rich, and the O-rich and Y-rich conditions. The larger size of the yttrium atom may give rise to higher formation energy of the phosphorus antisite defect. In general, the formation energies of anion interstitials are much smaller than those of cation interstitials for both conditions considered. It is of greatly interest to find that the relative stabilities among the same types of interstitials are independent of the reference states. The most stable configuration for oxygen interstitials is an O-O split interstitial near the T a site, while the most stable configuration for cation interstitials is a tetrahedral interstitial near the T a site. The cation split interstitials are unfavorable in YPO 4, with much higher formation energies. Furthermore, the properties of Frenkel pairs are compared with those calculated using empirical potentials. The results reveal that both ab initio and empirical potential calculations show a similar trend in the formation energies of Frenkel pairs, but the formation energies obtained by empirical potentials are much larger than those calculated by ab initio method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalComputational Materials Science
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cations
interstitials
Defects
Positive ions
Empirical Potential
energy of formation
defects
Energy
Yttrium
Phosphorus
Vacancies
Density functional theory
Anions
Negative ions
Oxygen
Relative Stability
cations
Atoms
Configuration
Vacancy

Keywords

  • Ab initio calculations
  • Defect formation
  • Defect stability
  • Interatomic potential calculations
  • YPO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Gao, F., Xiao, H. Y., Zhou, Y. G., Devanathan, R., Hu, S. Y., Li, Y. L., ... Khaleel, M. A. (2012). Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4 Computational Materials Science, 54(1), 170-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2011.10.005

Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4 . / Gao, F.; Xiao, H. Y.; Zhou, Y. G.; Devanathan, R.; Hu, S. Y.; Li, Y. L.; Sun, X.; Khaleel, M. A.

In: Computational Materials Science, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.03.2012, p. 170-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gao, F, Xiao, HY, Zhou, YG, Devanathan, R, Hu, SY, Li, YL, Sun, X & Khaleel, MA 2012, 'Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4 ', Computational Materials Science, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 170-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2011.10.005
Gao F, Xiao HY, Zhou YG, Devanathan R, Hu SY, Li YL et al. Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4 Computational Materials Science. 2012 Mar 1;54(1):170-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2011.10.005
Gao, F. ; Xiao, H. Y. ; Zhou, Y. G. ; Devanathan, R. ; Hu, S. Y. ; Li, Y. L. ; Sun, X. ; Khaleel, M. A. / Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4 In: Computational Materials Science. 2012 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 170-175.
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