Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4

F. Gao, H. Y. Xiao, Y. G. Zhou, R. Devanathan, S. Y. Hu, Y. L. Li, X. Sun, M. A. Khaleel

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Ab initio methods based on density functional theory have been used to calculate the formation energies of intrinsic defects, including vacancies, interstitials, antisites and Frenkel pairs in YPO 4 under the O-rich and Y 2O 3-rich, and the O-rich and Y-rich conditions. The larger size of the yttrium atom may give rise to higher formation energy of the phosphorus antisite defect. In general, the formation energies of anion interstitials are much smaller than those of cation interstitials for both conditions considered. It is of greatly interest to find that the relative stabilities among the same types of interstitials are independent of the reference states. The most stable configuration for oxygen interstitials is an O-O split interstitial near the T a site, while the most stable configuration for cation interstitials is a tetrahedral interstitial near the T a site. The cation split interstitials are unfavorable in YPO 4, with much higher formation energies. Furthermore, the properties of Frenkel pairs are compared with those calculated using empirical potentials. The results reveal that both ab initio and empirical potential calculations show a similar trend in the formation energies of Frenkel pairs, but the formation energies obtained by empirical potentials are much larger than those calculated by ab initio method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalComputational Materials Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012



  • Ab initio calculations
  • Defect formation
  • Defect stability
  • Interatomic potential calculations
  • YPO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics

Cite this

Gao, F., Xiao, H. Y., Zhou, Y. G., Devanathan, R., Hu, S. Y., Li, Y. L., Sun, X., & Khaleel, M. A. (2012). Ab initio study of defect properties in YPO 4 Computational Materials Science, 54(1), 170-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2011.10.005