A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines

B. Ebrahimi, Reza Tafreshi, H. Masudi, M. A. Franchek, J. Mohammadpour, K. Grigoriadis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present a new synthesis method to control air-fuel ratio (AFR) in lean-burn spark ignition engines to maximize the fuel economy. The major challenge in the control of AFR for lean-burn engines is the large time-varying delay in the control loop which restricts the application of conventional control techniques. Time-varying delay in the system dynamics is first approximated by the Padé approximation which renders the system dynamics into non-minimum phase characteristics. Application of dynamic compensators is invoked to retrieve unstable internal dynamics. The associated error dynamics is utilized to construct a PID controller combined with a dynamic compensator to track the desired AFR command using the feedback from the universal exhaust gas oxygen (UEGO) sensor. The proposed method is shown to achieve desired dynamic properties independent of the matched and unmatched disturbances. Results of applying the proposed method to experimental data demonstrate the closed-loop system stability and performance against time-varying delay, canister purge disturbances and measurement noise.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012
Pages296-301
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012 - Rueil-Malmaison, France
Duration: 23 Oct 201225 Oct 2012

Other

Other2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012
CountryFrance
CityRueil-Malmaison
Period23/10/1225/10/12

Fingerprint

Engines
Air
Dynamical systems
Oxygen sensors
Fuel economy
Exhaust gases
Chemical sensors
Internal combustion engines
System stability
Closed loop systems
Feedback
Controllers

Keywords

  • AFR control
  • Dynamic compensator
  • Non-minimum phase system
  • Spark ignition engine
  • Time-varying delay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Ebrahimi, B., Tafreshi, R., Masudi, H., Franchek, M. A., Mohammadpour, J., & Grigoriadis, K. (2012). A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines. In 2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012 (pp. 296-301) https://doi.org/10.3182/20121023-3-FR-4025.00007

A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines. / Ebrahimi, B.; Tafreshi, Reza; Masudi, H.; Franchek, M. A.; Mohammadpour, J.; Grigoriadis, K.

2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012. 2012. p. 296-301.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ebrahimi, B, Tafreshi, R, Masudi, H, Franchek, MA, Mohammadpour, J & Grigoriadis, K 2012, A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines. in 2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012. pp. 296-301, 2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012, Rueil-Malmaison, France, 23/10/12. https://doi.org/10.3182/20121023-3-FR-4025.00007
Ebrahimi B, Tafreshi R, Masudi H, Franchek MA, Mohammadpour J, Grigoriadis K. A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines. In 2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012. 2012. p. 296-301 https://doi.org/10.3182/20121023-3-FR-4025.00007
Ebrahimi, B. ; Tafreshi, Reza ; Masudi, H. ; Franchek, M. A. ; Mohammadpour, J. ; Grigoriadis, K. / A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines. 2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012. 2012. pp. 296-301
@inproceedings{39e32cb620954f13901959842e5b3b08,
title = "A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines",
abstract = "In this paper, we present a new synthesis method to control air-fuel ratio (AFR) in lean-burn spark ignition engines to maximize the fuel economy. The major challenge in the control of AFR for lean-burn engines is the large time-varying delay in the control loop which restricts the application of conventional control techniques. Time-varying delay in the system dynamics is first approximated by the Pad{\'e} approximation which renders the system dynamics into non-minimum phase characteristics. Application of dynamic compensators is invoked to retrieve unstable internal dynamics. The associated error dynamics is utilized to construct a PID controller combined with a dynamic compensator to track the desired AFR command using the feedback from the universal exhaust gas oxygen (UEGO) sensor. The proposed method is shown to achieve desired dynamic properties independent of the matched and unmatched disturbances. Results of applying the proposed method to experimental data demonstrate the closed-loop system stability and performance against time-varying delay, canister purge disturbances and measurement noise.",
keywords = "AFR control, Dynamic compensator, Non-minimum phase system, Spark ignition engine, Time-varying delay",
author = "B. Ebrahimi and Reza Tafreshi and H. Masudi and Franchek, {M. A.} and J. Mohammadpour and K. Grigoriadis",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.3182/20121023-3-FR-4025.00007",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783902823168",
pages = "296--301",
booktitle = "2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - A systematic air-fuel ratio control strategy for lean-burn SI engines

AU - Ebrahimi, B.

AU - Tafreshi, Reza

AU - Masudi, H.

AU - Franchek, M. A.

AU - Mohammadpour, J.

AU - Grigoriadis, K.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - In this paper, we present a new synthesis method to control air-fuel ratio (AFR) in lean-burn spark ignition engines to maximize the fuel economy. The major challenge in the control of AFR for lean-burn engines is the large time-varying delay in the control loop which restricts the application of conventional control techniques. Time-varying delay in the system dynamics is first approximated by the Padé approximation which renders the system dynamics into non-minimum phase characteristics. Application of dynamic compensators is invoked to retrieve unstable internal dynamics. The associated error dynamics is utilized to construct a PID controller combined with a dynamic compensator to track the desired AFR command using the feedback from the universal exhaust gas oxygen (UEGO) sensor. The proposed method is shown to achieve desired dynamic properties independent of the matched and unmatched disturbances. Results of applying the proposed method to experimental data demonstrate the closed-loop system stability and performance against time-varying delay, canister purge disturbances and measurement noise.

AB - In this paper, we present a new synthesis method to control air-fuel ratio (AFR) in lean-burn spark ignition engines to maximize the fuel economy. The major challenge in the control of AFR for lean-burn engines is the large time-varying delay in the control loop which restricts the application of conventional control techniques. Time-varying delay in the system dynamics is first approximated by the Padé approximation which renders the system dynamics into non-minimum phase characteristics. Application of dynamic compensators is invoked to retrieve unstable internal dynamics. The associated error dynamics is utilized to construct a PID controller combined with a dynamic compensator to track the desired AFR command using the feedback from the universal exhaust gas oxygen (UEGO) sensor. The proposed method is shown to achieve desired dynamic properties independent of the matched and unmatched disturbances. Results of applying the proposed method to experimental data demonstrate the closed-loop system stability and performance against time-varying delay, canister purge disturbances and measurement noise.

KW - AFR control

KW - Dynamic compensator

KW - Non-minimum phase system

KW - Spark ignition engine

KW - Time-varying delay

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880974141&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880974141&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3182/20121023-3-FR-4025.00007

DO - 10.3182/20121023-3-FR-4025.00007

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84880974141

SN - 9783902823168

SP - 296

EP - 301

BT - 2012 IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling, E-COSM 2012

ER -