A Switched-Capacitor Submodule for Modular Multilevel HVDC Converters with DC-Fault Blocking Capability and a Reduced Number of Sensors

Ahmed A. Elserougi, Ahmed M. Massoud, Shehab Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)


Modular multilevel converters (MMCs) have become one of the most promising topologies for high-voltage dc-ac conversion. DC-side fault blocking capability of the MMC has prompted significant research in recent years. In this paper, a new switched capacitor submodule (SCSM) for MMCs is proposed which provides operation with DC fault blocking capability. In addition, successful voltage balancing is achieved with half the number of voltage sensors used with existing MMC cells. Generally, conventional sensor-based balancing techniques require a significant amount of measurements, 2m(N-1) voltage sensors, and 2m current sensors for an N-level m-phase MMC. The proposed cell will thus aid in reducing the complexity of the control system. A detailed illustration of the operational concept of the proposed architecture is presented in this paper. A comparison between the proposed SCSM and other existing MMC cells has been included to highlight the benefits of the proposed SCSM. A simulation model for an MMC-based HVDC system along with the proposed cell has been built to test its performance during normal as well as abnormal operating conditions. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7254227
Pages (from-to)313-322
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016



  • DC fault blocking capability
  • modular multilevel converter (MMC)
  • reduced number of sensors
  • switched-capacitor submodule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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