A steady-state model for the design and optimization of a centralized cooling system

Abdlmonem H. Beitelmal, Chandrakant D. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


A simplified steady-state model has been developed to describe thermodynamically the operation of a centralized cooling system. This model resolves the mass and energy equations simultaneously and uses inputs that are readily available to the design engineer. The model utilizes an empirical relationship for the compressor power as a function of cooling load and key temperatures. The outputs include the chiller coefficient of performance (COP) and the compressor actual power. The model simulation results are validated with a manufacturer performance data and compared with the experimental data collected at Hewlett-Packard Laboratories site for two chillers: a variable speed and a constant speed chiller. The results of the model are found to closely match the current experimental data with less than 5% average deviation for chiller load over 10% and with a maximum deviation of 18% at 95% chiller load. For the constant speed chiller, the chiller efficiency increases with increasing load and peaks at full load. For the variable speed chiller, the chiller efficiency peaks at part loading between 40 and 80% of the chiller full load depending on the condenser water temperature. This indicates that for variable speed chillers, the chiller design has been optimized for loading less than 100% depending on the ambient conditions, customer specifications and size of the chiller.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1239-1248
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010



  • COP
  • Chiller efficiency
  • Chiller thermodynamics
  • Cooling tower
  • Data center cooling
  • Heat transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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