A single-phase nine-level inverter for renewable energy systems employing model predictive control

Panagiotis Kakosimos, Konstantinos Pavlou, Antonios Kladas, Stefanos Manias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper a single-phase cascaded Multilevel Inverter (MI) consisting of full NPC bridges for renewable energy systems is investigated. The development of the introduced control strategy is based on the application of Model Predictive Control (MPC) technique meeting the required specifications of the individual voltage level regulation of each separate DC source and neutral point potential balance under unity power factor. Illustrating the effectiveness of the developed controller, two separate PV strings are controlled while being subject to transient phenomena related to asymmetric string conditions in terms of solar radiation and reference voltage variation. The inverter topology of full NPC bridges in cascade allows low current THD factor to be achieved using a simple inductor instead of complicated LCL filters benefiting also from low capacitor banks in the DC-link bus. The proposed MPC performance has been validated by experiments carried out on a cascaded MI topology delivering power from two separate PV system strings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-437
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes



  • Multilevel inverters
  • Photovoltaic systems
  • Predictive control
  • Renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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