A Self-Balanced Bidirectional Medium-/High-Voltage Hybrid Modular DC-DC Converter with Low-Voltage Common DC-Link and Sequential Charging/Discharging of Submodules Capacitors

Ahmed A. Elserougi, Ahmed Massoud, Ibrahim Abdelsalam, Shehab Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a medium-/high-voltage high-power hybrid modular DC-DC converter to interconnect two different dc-voltage levels in medium-/high-voltage dc grids. The converter consists of half-bridge submodules (SMs) rated at a moderate voltage level, i.e., series connection of semiconductor devices is avoided while connecting two high dc-voltage levels. The proposed architecture provides self-balancing operation, i.e., unlike conventional modular converters, no need for capacitor voltage measurement, which enhances the system reliability and simplicity. Sequential charging/discharging of SMs capacitors is adopted in the proposed approach to ensure a self-balanced operation. The proposed architecture can provide a high conversion ratio as well as power transfer in both directions, i.e., bidirectional DC-DC converter. Detailed illustration of the proposed approach operational concept, design, and overall control system is presented. Simulation and experimental results are presented to show the viability of the proposed configuration and validate the claims.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8384277
Pages (from-to)2714-2725
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019



  • Modular DC-DC converter
  • self-balanced modular converter
  • sequential charging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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