A review on membrane fabrication: Structure, properties and performance relationship

Boor Singh Lalia, Viktor Kochkodan, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

353 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this review, polymeric membrane fabrication techniques for pressure driven membrane processes and membrane distillation are discussed. The fabrication technique, properties of the fabricated membranes and performance in water desalination are related. Important parameters which affect the membrane performance such as crystallinity of the membrane based polymer, porous structure, hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity, membrane charge and surface roughness are analyzed. Despite the fact that extensive knowledge exist on how to 'tailor' membrane pore structure including its surface properties and cross-section morphology by selection of appropriate fabrication methods, there is still a challenge to produce reliable membranes with anti-fouling properties, chemical resistance, high mechanical strength with high flux and selectivity. To ensure progress in membrane performance, further improvements are needed of common membrane fabrication techniques such as phase inversion and interfacial polymerization. At the same time, the potential of novel fabrication techniques such as electrospinning and track-etching needs to be assessed. A comprehensive understanding between structure-surface properties and performance is a key for further development and progress in membrane technology for water desalination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-95
Number of pages19
JournalDesalination
Volume326
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

membrane
Membranes
Fabrication
Desalination
Surface properties
Polymeric membranes
Membrane technology
Chemical resistance
Water
Hydrophilicity
Electrospinning
Hydrophobicity
Pore structure
Fouling
etching
antifouling
Distillation
Strength of materials
hydrophobicity
crystallinity

Keywords

  • Membrane fabrication
  • Membrane performance
  • Polymer membranes
  • Porous structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

A review on membrane fabrication : Structure, properties and performance relationship. / Lalia, Boor Singh; Kochkodan, Viktor; Hashaikeh, Raed; Hilal, Nidal.

In: Desalination, Vol. 326, 01.10.2013, p. 77-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lalia, Boor Singh ; Kochkodan, Viktor ; Hashaikeh, Raed ; Hilal, Nidal. / A review on membrane fabrication : Structure, properties and performance relationship. In: Desalination. 2013 ; Vol. 326. pp. 77-95.
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