A review of concrete properties at cryogenic temperatures: Towards direct LNG containment

Reginald Kogbara, Srinath Iyengar, Zachary C. Grasley, Eyad A. Masad, Dan G. Zollinger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper provides a "state-of-the-art" review of the pertinent properties of concrete at temperatures lower than -165 C that make it amenable for direct containment of liquefied natural gas (LNG). In addition, the paper presents a brief historical and economic perspective on cryogenic concrete. The permeability, coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), tensile strain capacity and bond strength to reinforcement are discussed in light of key factors controlling them, including moisture content, aggregate type, etc. Moreover, the effects of cryogenic freeze-thaw cycles on thermal deformation of concrete are highlighted. Generally, the permeability and the CTE are lower while the tensile strain capacity and bond strength to reinforcement are greater for concrete at cryogenic temperatures versus concrete at ambient temperatures. It is concluded that more work is necessary to fully understand thermal dilation and damage growth in concrete due to differential CTE of its components, in order to facilitate development of design methodologies that might be employed to mitigate the associated risks in its eventual utilization for direct LNG containment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-770
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Liquefied natural gas
Cryogenics
Concretes
Thermal expansion
Tensile strain
Temperature
Reinforcement
Hydraulic conductivity
Moisture
Economics

Keywords

  • Cracking Liquefied natural gas Permeability Tensile strain Thermal dilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

A review of concrete properties at cryogenic temperatures : Towards direct LNG containment. / Kogbara, Reginald; Iyengar, Srinath; Grasley, Zachary C.; Masad, Eyad A.; Zollinger, Dan G.

In: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 47, 2013, p. 760-770.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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