A myriad of miRNA variants in control and Huntington's disease brain regions detected by massively parallel sequencing

Eulàlia Martí, Lorena Pantano, Mónica Bañez-Coronel, Franc Llorens, Elena Miñones-Moyano, Sílvia Porta, Lauro Sumoy, Isidre Ferrer, Xavier P. Estivill

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Abstract

Huntington disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that predominantly affects neurons of the forebrain. We have applied the Illumina massively parallel sequencing to deeply analyze the small RNA populations of two different forebrain areas, the frontal cortex (FC) and the striatum (ST) of healthy individuals and individuals with HD. More than 80% of the small-RNAs were annotated as microRNAs (miRNAs) in all samples. Deep sequencing revealed length and sequence heterogeneity (IsomiRs) for the vast majority of miRNAs. Around 80-90% of the miRNAs presented modifications in the 3'-terminus mainly in the form of trimming and/or as nucleotide addition variants, while the 5'-terminus of the miRNAs was specially protected from changes. Expression profiling showed strong miRNA and isomiR expression deregulation in HD, most being common to both FC and ST. The analysis of the upstream regulatory regions in co-regulated miRNAs suggests a role for RE1-Silencing Transcription Factor (REST) and P53 in miRNAs downregulation in HD. The putative targets of deregulated miRNAs and seed-region IsomiRs strongly suggest that their altered expression contributes to the aberrant gene expression in HD. Our results show that miRNA variability is a ubiquitous phenomenon in the adult human brain, which may influence gene expression in physiological and pathological conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7219-7235
Number of pages17
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume38
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Martí, E., Pantano, L., Bañez-Coronel, M., Llorens, F., Miñones-Moyano, E., Porta, S., Sumoy, L., Ferrer, I., & Estivill, X. P. (2010). A myriad of miRNA variants in control and Huntington's disease brain regions detected by massively parallel sequencing. Nucleic Acids Research, 38(20), 7219-7235. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkq575