A Measurement-Based Approach for Designing Fixed-Order Controllers for Unknown Closed-Loop Architecture

Sofiane Khadraoui, Hazem Nounou, Mohamed Nounou, Aniruddha Datta, Shankar P. Bhattacharyya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a new technique to design fixed-structure controllers for linear unknown systems using a set of measurements. In model-based approaches, the measured data are used to identify a model of the plant for which a suitable controller can be designed. Due to the fact that real processes cannot be described perfectly by mathematical models, designing controllers using such models to guarantee some desired closed-loop performance is a challenging task. Hence, a possible alternative to model-based methods is to directly utilize the measured data in the design process. We propose an approach to designing structured controllers using a set of closed-loop frequency-domain data. The principle of such an approach is based on computing the parameters of a fixed-order controller for which the closed-loop frequency response fits a desired frequency response that describes some desired performance indices. This problem is formulated as an error minimization problem, which can be solved to find suitable values of the controller parameters. The main feature of the proposed control methodology is that it can be applied to stable and unstable plants. Additionally, the design process depends on a pre-selected controller structure, which allows for the selection of low-order controllers. An application of the proposed method to a DC servomotor system is presented to experimentally validate and demonstrate its efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-698
Number of pages13
JournalAsian Journal of Control
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016



  • closed-loop architecture
  • error minimization
  • frequency response data
  • low-order controller
  • Measurement-based control
  • performance achievement
  • PSO algorithm
  • unknown systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

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