A market basket survey of As, Zn and Se in rice imports in Qatar: Health implications

Candace Rowell, Nora Kuiper, Khalid Al-Saad, Jerome Nriagu, Basem Shomar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Qatar is dependent on importation of rice, its staple dish, and is therefore susceptible to compromises of food quality in the global market. This market basket study assesses potential health risks of As exposure from rice consumption in Qatar and examines its contribution to the recommended nutritional intakes (RNI) for Zn and Se. Fifty-six rice types and 12 products sold in Qatar were analyzed by ICP/MS. Mean concentrations and ranges were 96.2 ± 54.1. μg/kg (9.76-258. μg/kg) for As; 12.5 ± 5.35. mg/kg (2.79-29.9. mg/kg) for Zn and 103 ± 113. μg/kg (<5.94-422. μg/kg) for Se. Calculated risk quotient shows rice consumption in Qatar is not a significant route of As exposure but can contribute up to 100% and 50% of the RNI for Se and Zn, respectively. Results indicate that children in Qatar may be at elevated risk of arsenic exposure from rice-based infant cereals but more data is needed to obtain a definitive assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014



  • Arsenic
  • Rice
  • Risk quotient
  • Selenium
  • Total daily intake (TDI)
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

Cite this