A highly hindered bithiophene-functionalized dispiro-oxepine derivative as an efficient hole transporting material for perovskite solar cells

Kasparas Rakstys, Sanghyun Paek, Muhammad Sohail, Peng Gao, Kyung Taek Cho, Paul Gratia, Yonghui Lee, Klaus H. Dahmen, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin

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33 Citations (Scopus)


Dimethoxydiphenylamine-substituted dispiro-oxepine derivative 2,2′,7,7′-tetrakis-(N,N′-di-4-methoxyphenylamine)dispiro-[fluorene-9,4′-dithieno[3,2-c:2′,3′-e]oxepine-6′,9′′-fluorene] (DDOF) has been designed and synthesized using a facile synthetic route. The novel hole transporting material (HTM) was fully characterized and tested in perovskite solar cells exhibiting a remarkable power conversion efficiency of 19.4%. More importantly, compared with spiro-OMeTAD-based devices, DDOF shows significantly improved stability. The comparatively comprehensive solid structure study is attempted to disclose the common features of good performance HTMs. These achievements clearly demonstrated that the highly hindered DDOF can be an effective HTM for the fabrication of efficient perovskite solar cells and further enlightened the rule of new HTM's design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18259-18264
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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