A gene-environment interaction between inferred kallikrein genotype and potassium

Steven Hunt, Sandra J. Hasstedt, Lily L. Wu, Roger R. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urinary kallikrein excretion has been shown statistically to be partially determined by a major gene in large Utah pedigrees with the use of segregation analysis. A previous twin analysis of environmental factors influencing urinary kallikrein level showed that urinary potassium twin differences were strongly related to differences in urinary kallikrein. The present study uses 769 individuals in 58 Utah pedigrees to analyze the association of urinary potassium with urinary kallikrein within statistically inferred kallikrein genotypes. Fitting genotype-specific curves relating urinary kallikrein level to 12-hour urinary potassium amount within a major gene, polygene, and common environment model, we showed a significant statistical urinary potassium interaction with the inferred major gene for kallikrein (P=.0002). The heterozygotes (with a frequency of 50%) had a significant association between urinary kallikrein and potassium (slope, 0.51±0.04 SD), whereas there was no association with potassium in the low homozygotes, suggesting a genetic defect involving the kallikrein response to potassium. The model predicted that an increase in urinary potassium excretion of 0.8 SD above the mean in these pedigrees would be associated with high kallikrein levels in the heterozygotes similar to the high homozygotes. A decrease of 1.3 SD in urinary potassium excretion in heterozygous individuals was associated with kallikrein levels similar to the homozygous individuals with low kallikrein. Because in the steady state urinary potassium represents dietary potassium intake, this study suggests that an increase in dietary potassium intake in 50% of these pedigree members, estimated to be heterozygous at the kallikrein locus, would be associated with an increase in an underlying genetically determined low kallikrein level. If kallikrein excretion is found to be a physiological marker related to the risk of developing hypertension, that risk may be able to be modified by achievable increases in dietary potassium intake in heterozygous individuals deficient in potassium intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension
Volume22
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gene-Environment Interaction
Kallikreins
Potassium
Genotype
Tissue Kallikreins
Dietary Potassium
Pedigree
Homozygote
Heterozygote
Genes
Statistical Factor Analysis

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Hypertension, genetic
  • Kallikrein
  • Potassium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Hunt, S., Hasstedt, S. J., Wu, L. L., & Williams, R. R. (1993). A gene-environment interaction between inferred kallikrein genotype and potassium. Hypertension, 22(2), 161-168.

A gene-environment interaction between inferred kallikrein genotype and potassium. / Hunt, Steven; Hasstedt, Sandra J.; Wu, Lily L.; Williams, Roger R.

In: Hypertension, Vol. 22, No. 2, 08.1993, p. 161-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hunt, S, Hasstedt, SJ, Wu, LL & Williams, RR 1993, 'A gene-environment interaction between inferred kallikrein genotype and potassium', Hypertension, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 161-168.
Hunt, Steven ; Hasstedt, Sandra J. ; Wu, Lily L. ; Williams, Roger R. / A gene-environment interaction between inferred kallikrein genotype and potassium. In: Hypertension. 1993 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 161-168.
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