A damage model for degradation in the electrodes of solid oxide fuel cells

Modeling the effects of sulfur and antimony in the anode

E. M. Ryan, W. Xu, X. Sun, M. A. Khaleel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over their designed lifetime, high-temperature electrochemical devices, such as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), can experience degradation in their electrochemical performance due to environmental conditions, operating conditions, contaminants, and other factors. Understanding the different degradation mechanisms in SOFCs and other electrochemical devices is essential to reducing performance degradation and increasing the lifetimes of these devices. In this paper, SOFC degradation mechanisms are evaluated, and a damage model is presented that describes performance degradation in SOFCs due to damage or degradation in the SOFC electrodes. A degradation classification scheme is presented, dividing the various SOFC electrode degradation mechanisms into categories based on their physical effects on the SOFC. The damage model and classification method are applied both to sulfur poisoning and antimony poisoning, which occur in the SOFC anode. For sulfur poisoning, the model can calculate degradation in SOFC performance based on the operating temperature of the fuel cell and the concentration of gaseous sulfur species in the anode. For antimony poisoning, the effects of nickel consumption from the anode matrix are investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-242
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Antimony
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
antimony
Sulfur
Anodes
anodes
sulfur
degradation
damage
Degradation
Electrodes
electrodes
poisoning
cell anodes
life (durability)
Nickel
operating temperature
fuel cells
contaminants

Keywords

  • Antimony
  • Computational model
  • Damage factor
  • Degradation
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Sulfur poisoning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

A damage model for degradation in the electrodes of solid oxide fuel cells : Modeling the effects of sulfur and antimony in the anode. / Ryan, E. M.; Xu, W.; Sun, X.; Khaleel, M. A.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 210, 15.07.2012, p. 233-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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