A comprehensive review on surface modified polymer membranes for biofouling mitigation

Viktor Kochkodan, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

239 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biofouling is a major problem in environmental membrane separations because it leads to higher operating pressures, more frequent chemical cleaning, shortened membrane life, and compromised product water quality. The paper presents an overview on fabrication and properties of low-biofouling composite membranes for pressure-driven membrane processes. At first, biofouling phenomena and membrane surface properties which affect membrane biofouling have been discussed and the main objectives for the development of composite membranes for biofouling mitigation have been outlined. Thereafter the recent studies on the preparation of low-biofouling composite membranes using interfacial polymerization, surface grafting, coating of a protective layer and surface modification with nanoparticles have been critically summarised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-207
Number of pages21
JournalDesalination
Volume356
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2015

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Keywords

  • Coating
  • Desalination
  • Low-biofouling composite membranes
  • Membrane biofouling
  • Nanoparticles
  • Surface grafting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

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