A comparative study of urban and rural tetanus in adults

Ravinder Mamtani, Prabha Malhotra, P. S. Gupta, B. K. Jain

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10 Citations (Scopus)


An analysis of 240 patients, aged 15+, admitted to the tetanus ward of Irwin Hospital, New Delhi, with clinically diagnosed tetanus is reported. 134 patients (55.8%) came from rural areas and 106 (44.2%) from urban areas. The male-female ratio for both groups was approximately 2: 1. Rural patients were younger, showed a longer incubation period and experienced a lower crude case fatality rate. Traditional practices like the application of cow dung to wounds, ear piercing and tatooing, and chronic ear infections were important factors in developing tetanus, demonstrating a need for health education in rural communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-188
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1978
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Epidemiology

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